Useful Tips

Pomeranian Spitz

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Combing is the main milestone in caring for the hair of a Pomeranian spitz. How often a dog should be combed, each owner decides for himself. After all, it depends on the age and lifestyle of the dog, as well as whether it is sheared or not, on average, this is one to two times a week.

Do not get involved in combing, because this way you can comb out the entire undercoat of the dog. You can increase the amount only during molting.

Spitz need to be combed against the coat, paying attention to places with soft fur: behind the ears, in the groin, on the legs. To properly care for the hair of the Spitz you will need:

  1. Combs with frequent and rare teeth.
  2. Brushes with metal teeth and natural bristles.
  3. Special scissors for grooming dogs (they have blunt ends to prevent injuries) to minimize cutting off excess hair on their own.

It is best to accustom to combing a puppy from a month old.

As with combing, when bathing, the Spitz should also not be overdone, once a month or two is enough for this breed. Bathing dogs is necessary only with the help of specialized tools.

What you should pay attention to when choosing makeup products:

  1. It is best to choose the entire line of products from one manufacturer.
  2. Hypoallergenic products are the best choice.
  3. There are specialized whiteners for dogs with a white color.
  4. For large opponents of bathing, there are dry shampoos - aerosols.

After bathing, the dog must be dried with a hairdryer, because due to the abundant undercoat, the animal can naturally dry for too long, even to the point that the fungus will work.

The surface where the animal will be dried should not be slippery.

It is very convenient to have both hands free during drying for combing, so from improvised means you can adapt something to stand the hairdryer.

Some subtleties worth knowing

  1. Do not bathe the dog during molting, it even more provokes a hair loss.
  2. It is better to comb the dog before bathing, this will facilitate the same process after.
  3. It’s best to plug the dog’s ears with cotton swabs.
  4. Shampoo should be diluted with water, this will help to apply the product evenly.
  5. After swimming, it is recommended to do without a walk on this day, in order to avoid, first of all, colds.

Claw cutting

Like all domestic animals, Spitz need to trim their nails, otherwise they will interfere with the dog when walking or even grow into soft tissues.

You need to cut the claws of a spitz once or twice a month, it all depends on how often and for a long time the dog is on the street, because during walks the claws grind naturally.

This can be done independently at home, it is not necessary to contact specialists.

What is needed

  1. Special nail clipper, sold at any pet store.
  2. Disinfectant, for reinsurance against wounds.

The main difficulty in nail clipping in dogs is not to touch the pulp, the living part of the nail. Therefore, it is better to cut the claws in good light - so the border of the pulp is most noticeable. It is necessary to cut the claw not at the root, but retreating from the pulp 2 millimeters. At the end of the procedure, it is better to treat the claws with a regular nail file to get rid of small irregularities that may interfere with the dog.

Parasite prophylaxis

All animals, even domestic ones, are prone to parasite attacks. Parasites in dogs can be divided into:

  1. External ones are fleas and ticks.
  2. Internal - all kinds of worms.

There is one general rule for all types of parasites. - it is better not to wait for the animal to become infected, but to stay ahead of the curve and carry out the necessary preventive measures.

Fleas and how to deal with them

The easiest precaution: periodically comb out the dog over the white litter.

Black dots, in case of infection, are not blood digested by these parasites.

If you throw these lumps into the water, they will dissolve, and the water will stain.

A dog infected with fleas constantly itches, the appearance of the hair deteriorates, it falls out, the animal's immunity falls, as a result of which infectious diseases can begin. In addition, fleas, in their saliva, carry other already internal parasites.

In pet stores there is a huge selection of flea remedies, these are special collars, and aerosols, drops, there are even medicines in the form of injections.

A tick is an even more dangerous parasite than a flea, because they are carriers of pyroplasmosis and Lyme disease.

In the case of Spitz, moreover, due to their thick coat, it is rather difficult to quickly detect a tick.

Therefore, in the season it is necessary to inspect the dog as often as possible after walking, and also use special drops at the withers.

More than eighty types of worms can parasitize in the body of a dog, and about a third of them are dangerous to humans. The danger of worms, mainly consists in the fact that these parasites weaken the body of their carrier, as a result of which, the dog or person becomes especially susceptible to viruses and pathogenic bacteria. Dogs, most often, are carriers of these types of helminths:

  1. Nematodes are roundworms.
  2. Trematodes are flatworms.
  3. Cestodes are tapeworms.
  4. Whipheads.
  5. Heartworms.

The main method of fighting helminths in dogs is prevention. Dogs should be dewormed on average three times a year.

To carry out deworming at the same time is not only for all animals living in the apartment, but also for people.

How to keep track of your ears?

The ears of a Pomeranian usually do not cause much trouble. After bathing, remove excess hair in the auricle.

It is better to pluck them simply with your hands, it sounds unpleasant, but, in fact, such a procedure will not cause the dog any inconvenience.

Once a week, ears should be cleaned with a cotton swab (but not deeply).

If the dog scratches the ears, the inner ear has changed color, there is discharge and smell - this is an occasion to consult a veterinarian, because, most likely, the dog received a bacterial infection.

Dental hygiene

All dwarf dog breeds have one common problem - teeth. If you do not follow the hygiene of the mouth, then even a very young Spitz can be left without teeth. Pomeranian spitz prone to tartar formation, which is a breeding ground for bacteria, which, in turn, cause gum disease, resulting in the dog losing teeth.

In little Spitz, teeth are changed from dairy to molars at the age of six months, and lasts two to three months.

At this time, the dog may feel bad, the body temperature rises, gastrointestinal problems may occur. In rare cases, the teeth do not begin to fall out, then you should definitely contact your veterinarian.

Spitz need to brush their teeth at least three times a week. To do this, you will need:

  1. Dog Toothpaste (cannot be used human) Toothpaste for dogs does not contain harmful substances, has a taste of meat, it does not need to be washed off and can be swallowed. It is better to choose a paste without sweeteners, sugar causes plaque formation on the teeth.
  2. Toothbrush or other device for cleaning teeth. Now there are special sponges and fingertips. For these purposes, you can also use ordinary bandage.

In no case can you rely on now trendy pills, sprays and bones, this can not replace brushing your teeth.

Food at home

Like all other dwarf dogs, Pomeranian is the owner of excellent appetite and metabolism, as a result, this breed often suffers from obesity, which cannot be allowed in any way.

Even an extra pound for such a small dog is an alarming signal and an occasion to review the diet.

The main task for the owner is to provide the dog with all the necessary substances through food:

  1. Protein - Helps the growth, metabolism and overall development of the dog.
  2. Carbohydrates - A source of energy, and for such a moving dog, like Pomeranian, this is very important.
  3. Fats - improve coat.
  4. Vitamins and minerals.

If the owner chooses natural food for his dog, then he must make sure that the diet has:

  1. Meat.
  2. Fish.
  3. Dairy products.
  4. The eggs.
  5. Porridge.
  6. Vegetables: zucchini, cucumber, carrots, cabbage.
  7. Fruits: banana, pear, plum, apples.

Ready-made feeds, although they come out more expensive, but they have all the necessary composition of trace elements in their composition, and they make life easier for the owners. Ready-made feeds, it is best to choose a premium class, in addition, there are special lines for small breeds of dogs: “miniatures”, “mini”.

Feeding frequency

Experienced dog breeders know that adult dogs tend to eat once a day, but this system is not suitable for dwarf breeds. Adult Pomeranian spitz should be fed two to three times a day in small portions. Puppies up to four months five times a day, from four months to six months - four times, from six months three times, ideally in the end to reduce feeding to two.

Training and education

Pomeranian Spitz is a quick-witted and companionable dog, which makes it easy to educate and train. The main thing is to make sure that this process does not burden either the owner or the dog.

This breed should never be indulged. they are big empaths, and they should know that a misconduct is followed by a punishment, otherwise, a dog can easily, as they say, sit on his neck.

Character Features

Pomeranian Spitz is a breed that catches everything on the fly, dogs are very attached to the owners and easily understand what is required of them.

But, spitz, at the same time, very tricky, if the dog indulges, then she will try to constantly achieve her.

Despite this, dogs in no case should you be punished physically or shout loudly, The main thing is to be consistent and engage constantly.

If you do not deal with the dog, then it will begin to find entertainment on its own - something to chew on or hooligan in a different way. Pomeranian Spitz is a dominant breed. This means that these dogs, despite their small size, are good guards. But in order for the dog to not be too aggressive, it should be pulled on time.

Main teams

Pomeranian can be easily trained in such teams as:

  1. "A place" - will be the very first team for a dog.
  2. “Wait” and “can” - they are taught while eating.
  3. Teams “Lie”, “sit” and “stand” It’s also better to train on an empty stomach.
  4. "To me" - protects your pet from unpleasant events while walking.
  5. Prohibition Commands "Fu" and "not."
  6. Aport - Training takes place during the game.
  7. "Nearby" - an important team for active Pomeranians.

Bringing a Pomeranian spitz-dog, like any other dog, to the street should be after vaccination and quarantine in two weeks. Small oranges should be walked for no more than ten minutes, gradually increasing the time, away from crowding of people and animals. An adult animal should walk twice a day, at least an hour each time.

For walks you will need:

  1. Collar.
  2. Leash.
  3. Muzzle for travel.
  4. Carrying for long distance travel.

Usually, Pomeranian spitz dogs easily get used to the collar and leash, because these items are associated with fun for a walk.

Clothing for the street

Now any specialized store provides a huge selection of clothing for animals. But what is the best choice for a Pomeranian?

  1. Overalls. Autumn - spring version will protect your pet from water and dirt, and winter (insulated) from cold and wind. There are also summer knitted overalls that protect against thorns and all trash on walks.
  2. Hats: there are winter and summer. Summer should not be neglected, as oranges are prone to overheating.
  3. Footwear. Prevents injury and hypothermia.

Toys for the Pomeranian Spitz are a rather subjective topic, because each animal has its own preferences, and to understand what exactly your dog loves is possible only by brute force. The main criterion for choosing toys is their quality. You should also monitor the size of the toy, the dog can choke on too small an object.

As with human children, it is better to alternate toys for the dog to make them seem new and interesting.

You should not give shoes to Spitz as a toy, otherwise the dog will begin to nibble on one that was not intended for these purposes.

In addition, when walking, you should not give a bite to the stick, because the chips clog the stomach of the animal.

Pomeranian spitz is vital to receive additional vitamins. There are special complexes that are designed for this breed. The main thing is to comply with the dosage, it is better to choose European and American manufacturers.

When oranges are especially in need of vitamins:

  1. Puppy up to six months.
  2. Change of teeth.
  3. Molting.
  4. After illness.
  5. Pregnancy.
  6. Moving with a change of climate.

Pomeranian spitz is vital to receive additional vitamins. There are special complexes that are designed for this breed. The main thing is to comply with the dosage, it is better to choose European and American manufacturers.

When oranges are especially in need of vitamins:

  1. Puppy up to six months.
  2. Change of teeth.
  3. Molting.
  4. After illness.
  5. Pregnancy.
  6. Moving with a change of climate.

Vaccination

Antibodies transmitted by the mother at birth protect the puppy up to two months of age, therefore at the age of nine weeks, the first plague vaccine is usually given, and two weeks later they are given a booster shot. At six months, during a tooth change, they are again vaccinated against the plague, as well as against hepatitis, adenovirus and enteritis. Revaccination takes place with all of the same vaccines per year; subsequently, vaccinations must be repeated once a year.

Disease and treatment

Pomeranian, like all artificially bred breeds, is prone to certain diseases.

  1. Tooth problems. It is necessary to constantly examine the dog’s teeth on their own and, in case of any deviations, show the animal to the dentist.
  2. Cough. Occurs due to the special structure of the larynx, as a result of physical exertion. It is not dangerous, the cough goes away when the dog calms down.
  3. Eye problems - excessive tearing from heat, dust, wind. It occurs due to anatomical features, the symptoms are removed with special drops.
  4. Thyroid problems - hypothyroidism. Symptoms of this disease are: hair loss, obesity, dermatitis.
  5. Genetic disease - congenital dwarfism.
  6. Bone and joint problems. It is treated with medication, and you should also ensure that the dog does not jump from high places.

Pomeranian spitz is vital to receive additional vitamins. There are special complexes that are designed for this breed. The main thing is to comply with the dosage, it is better to choose European and American manufacturers.

When oranges are especially in need of vitamins:

  1. Puppy up to six months.
  2. Change of teeth.
  3. Molting.
  4. After illness.
  5. Pregnancy.
  6. Moving with a change of climate.

Vaccination

Antibodies transmitted by the mother at birth protect the puppy up to two months of age, therefore at the age of nine weeks, the first plague vaccine is usually given, and two weeks later they are given a booster shot. At six months, during a tooth change, they are again vaccinated against the plague, as well as against hepatitis, adenovirus and enteritis. Revaccination takes place with all of the same vaccines per year; subsequently, vaccinations must be repeated once a year.

Disease and treatment

Pomeranian, like all artificially bred breeds, is prone to certain diseases.

  1. Tooth problems. It is necessary to constantly examine the dog’s teeth on their own and, in case of any deviations, show the animal to the dentist.
  2. Cough. Occurs due to the special structure of the larynx, as a result of physical exertion. It is not dangerous, the cough goes away when the dog calms down.
  3. Eye problems - excessive tearing from heat, dust, wind. It occurs due to anatomical features, the symptoms are removed with special drops.
  4. Thyroid problems - hypothyroidism. Symptoms of this disease are: hair loss, obesity, dermatitis.
  5. Genetic disease - congenital dwarfism.
  6. Bone and joint problems. It is treated with medication, and you should also ensure that the dog does not jump from high places.

The German miniature (or, as it is also called, Pomeranian) Spitz is a small dog weighing up to 3 kg and a height at the withers of up to 23 cm.

The name "Pomeranian" he received thanks to the Spitz, who came from the USA and Canada, where this variety of miniature spitz (the smallest in the group) is called Pomeranian.

Pomeranian Spitz owes its origin to Germany, where, as a result of selection, the breed acquired miniature size. This was due to the interest of the nobility in small dogs.

Pomeranian Spitz is a funny, obedient, funny, moving creature. Dogs of this breed are distinguished by their energy, curiosity and friendly disposition.

Currently, the division of oranges into three types is accepted:

  1. type of “bear” (short muzzle, copious undercoat, thick legs, rounded small ears, drowning in a lush collar),
  2. the type of “chanterelle”, or the classic type (longer in comparison with the “bears” muzzle, erect sharp ears not covered by a collar, thin graceful paws, no thick undercoat),
  3. промежуточный тип (померанский шпиц с чертами, присущими и «мишкам», и «лисичкам»).

Some breeders in puppy sales announcements position them as a “mini” type. Despite the fact that such crumbs look very touching and attractive, which significantly increases their selling price, these dogs suffer from pituitary dwarfism, in other words, dwarfism, with all the ensuing consequences: a tendency to various diseases, weak immunity, and short life. Such specimens, despite the ever-increasing demand and fashion, cannot be allowed for breeding.

Spitz is great for home content. A small pet does not cause the owner any special problems. Perhaps the only drawback of this breed is a loud barking at any knock or doorbell. This can not even be called a drawback, because the dog is trying to protect his beloved master and his family. However, you can wean from barking. You need to make the young dog understand that you can not make noise. To scold, but in no case to scream, much less to raise a hand on this nice creature. After all, the psyche of Pomeranians is quite thin, which requires firmness in education, but not rudeness.

Due to its natural quick wits, the Pomeranian is easily trained, gladly learns various tricks. With it, there is no need to repeatedly work out certain teams. Often, he himself, perfectly orientated, is ahead of gestures or voice commands of the owner in order to achieve praise.

The main characteristic of the Spitz is his friendly and good natured character without a hint of malice. He gets along well with children, with other pets, with curiosity and without anger he meets strangers, but if the owner treats them well. Otherwise, it is an alert watchman guarding his family, his flock.

Pomeranian Spitz is loyal and selfless devotion. He subtly feels the mood of the owner. His efforts to please sometimes even have to be stopped.

A cheerful, agile dog requires active games, walks in the fresh air, likes to run on the grass, swim, loves to tumble in the snow. He retains these traits until old age.

An excellent companion is another characteristic of the Spitz. The small size of the dog allows you to take it with you on long trips in a carry or a special bag. Dogs of this breed adapt perfectly to new places, have good health and tireless energy. The main thing for this baby is that his beloved owner is nearby.

How to care for Spitz

Funny and fluffy Pomeranian spitz dogs do not require special care for their luxurious coat, as it might seem at first glance. It is important and necessary to timely accustom the pet to regular combing so that the dog does not feel discomfort during this procedure.

In addition to maintaining proper coat, grooming a Pomeranian requires other procedures related to the appearance and health of the pet.

One of the common problems of oranges is the roots of milk teeth, which do not resolve with age, as it should be normal. When changing, this causes certain difficulties: milk teeth do not fall out in a timely manner and interfere with the growth of permanent teeth. Especially often this happens with fangs and incisors. As a result of such "double" teeth, the bite is broken, the line is curved, the teeth grow obliquely to the side. In this case, it is better to remove the missing milk teeth from the veterinarian.

Pomeranian is predisposed to periodontitis - problems with gums. For prevention, it is necessary to brush your teeth with special pastes and, in case of problems, contact your veterinarian.

Sulfur accumulates in the ears of the orange, dust gets in, the wool gets confused and sticks together. All this can lead to inflammation and diseases of the ear canal. It is necessary to clean the inside of the ear with a cotton pad as it becomes dirty. A special lotion for ear care is applied to the disc (such products are sold in pet stores and are used strictly according to the instructions). In addition, the hair in the ear canal should be removed by gently plucking. But you can’t clean your ears with cotton buds, it can cause injury or inflammation.

Excessively overgrown claws in the dog lead to deformation of the paws, hamper movement, and can cause injury to the fingers or claw. Ideally, when the dog runs a lot on the asphalt and independently grinds the claws. If this does not happen, especially in winter, you should cut the tips of the claws with special nippers. It is important not to hurt the pulp. If nevertheless there are droplets of blood, it is necessary to treat the claw with brilliant green, hydrogen peroxide or iodine.

Often, bathing a Pomeranian is not recommended. It is enough to wipe the paws after a walk and remove dust with a brush, passing through the coat and against. It is especially undesirable to wash dogs during molting. Uncleaned wool can fall into dense tangles, which are very difficult, and sometimes simply impossible to comb. It is best to bathe the dog with a special shampoo, after closing the ear canal with cotton swabs. This procedure is best done in preparation for the exhibition. In normal times, it is enough to treat the wool with a special spray.

Breed description

The height of the largest representatives at the withers does not exceed 22 cm. Dwarf (miniature spitz), miniature, and medium-sized dogs are distinguished by growth.

The weight accepted by the standard is 1.8-2.3 kg. Usually dogs weigh no more than 3.2 kg. Life expectancy is 12-16 years. With proper care, it can live up to 20.

Publication by REO (@reo_gomstar) May 20, 2018 at 8:26 PDT

There are three types of Pomeranian:

  • “Fox” - the muzzle is elongated, the lower jaw is narrow, the eyes are almond-shaped. Breed standard, takes part in exhibitions,
  • “Bear” (Teddy bear) - a round head and eyes, a wide shortened muzzle, a bulged tip of the nose. Reminds a little teddy bear
  • “Doll” (Baby doll) - an intermediate option. The least common in Russia.

The only difference between all three types from each other is the shape of the head.

Coloring of wool is: black, white, cream, chocolate, red, blue (gauze), silver, fawn. It will be possible to finally judge the color of orange only after the first molt.

Pomeranian Spitz - friendly, friendly, active dogs with a cheerful disposition. These are real artists. They are happy to run, jump, play, both in the apartment and on the street. They like long, active walks.

Oranges are sociable and sensitive. Able to capture the intonation and mood of a person. They need affection, attention, care of the owner, otherwise they can become irritable.

These are very loyal dogs. Without a master they will be sad and yearning. Attached to all family members. Get along well with the kids. However, parents should make sure that when communicating with a Spitz, a small child is more accurate. Tearing a scrap of hair from a dog can trigger aggression.

With the advent of orange you will not have to change the daily routine. They easily adapt to any conditions and owner mode.

Love to get to know other dogs. Able to show their leadership habits, even despite the difference in size. The only ones they get along badly with are cats. With these pets, Pomeranian can quite compete in cleanliness.

The breed has high intelligence, observation, resourcefulness and excellent watchdog qualities.

Pomeranian must be brought up. Otherwise it will be a naughty, masterful, cocky, noisy dog.

Hair care. Grooming

Care for Pomeranian spitz involves daily combing, cutting hair in some areas, design paws and ears. This will require a set of special tools:

  1. A comb with rare metal teeth
  2. Massage brush
  3. Slicker,
  4. Rounded scissors
  5. Ordinary scissors,
  6. Thinning scissors.

You need to teach your pet grooming from an early age, putting the puppy on its lap and carefully combing the soft fluff.

Oranges are distinguished by an extraordinary mind and lend themselves well to training. If you act carefully, the dog will quickly get used to the procedure and in the future it will not be a problem.

Despite their luxurious attire, Pomeranian spitz dogs are not as susceptible to tangles and tangles as some other breeds of long-haired dogs. The coat consists of a dense undercoat and a long straight integument. The hair on the ears, head and front of the paws is short, resembling soft velvet. Shoulders and neck are decorated with a thick mane, and hind legs - fluffy "panties". A distinctive feature of the breed is a fluffy tail, laid on its back in a ring. Being the main decoration of the dog, the outfit requires mandatory and proper care.

Before combing, it is advisable to moisten the coat with a special spray. This will prevent the cross-section of dry hair, will allow you to painlessly disassemble the tangles, if they do appear, and unravel the rolled up hair, which often forms behind the ears.

If possible - visit a specialized hairdresser, where professionals will show and tell you how to care for a spitz.

A special complex haircut is not required for Spitz, but you need to know the basics of grooming. Moreover, for hygienic purposes, you should carefully cut the hair around the anus, pluck the hairs from the ears, and cut off the excess hair between the fingers.

Preparation for exhibitions requires certain skills: when cutting, it is necessary to round off the ears, removing the protruding hairs, draw a collar, trim the skirt and panties with scissors. An experienced breeder or owner of a nursery will tell and show how to care for a spitz and prepare it for an exhibition.

Puppies price

Depending on the characteristics, all oranges are divided into:

Show class puppies are the best representatives from the litter, with ideal qualities in accordance with all standards. Stars of exhibitions and competitions. Dogs of a show class are more expensive than bitches, as they are capable of giving offspring. Bitches of a show class are usually busy with a career, and they have no time for pregnancy and childbirth. The price of such a Pomeranian is 80-200 thousand rubles.

Brid-class - dogs with good health involved in breeding. Have a small allowable marriage. Exterior ratings should be no lower than “very good”. Cost - 50-80 thousand rubles.

If the puppy of the Spitz belongs to the pet class, then he will not be able to take part in exhibitions and breeding. Such dogs have some defects and do not fit the standard. You may not notice these features if you are not pointed to them. If you do not plan to engage in breeding and participate in exhibitions, then pet class puppies can become a favorite of your whole family. In addition, such dogs are cheaper - 30-50 thousand rubles.

In addition to class and gender, type, color influence the cost. So, a white puppy is more expensive than, say, a chocolate one. Spitz “fox” is cheaper than “teddy bear”.

Puppy selection

If you decide to have a Pomeranian spitz puppy, then you will definitely have a question where to buy it. There are many options: pet stores, bird markets, promising ads with attractive prices on the Internet and newspapers. However, there is a chance to run into unscrupulous sellers. They may be silent about a serious illness, bad heredity, defects that prevent them from participating in competitions and breeding. And even slip the puppy of the wrong breed.

Approach this matter with all responsibility. Visit several clubs and nurseries, chat with the owners of oranges who can advise a trusted breeder.

When the breeder is selected, ask him to show you not only the puppies, but also their parents, the conditions of detention, the pedigree and all the necessary documents. The breeder must have official permission of the RKF (Russian Cynological Federation) to breed Spitz.

Decide who you need: the future star of all shows, a dog for breeding or just a favorite of the whole family.

Paul is also important. Girls are tighter than boys. Their character is softer, they are easier to train and educate. But you need to be prepared for estrus 1-2 times a year, possible pregnancies, childbirth and puppies.

Dogs look spectacular. But with them you always need to keep an eye out. They are cocky, harder to educate. They like to mark everything in the apartment that they can reach.

When choosing a spitz, pay attention to how active it is. A healthy puppy runs, plays with brothers, has a good appetite, and regularly goes to the toilet. He must not:

  • sit out in a corner, not paying attention to the outside world,
  • hide behind my mother
  • biting your brothers and sisters is a sign of aggressiveness,
  • barking for no apparent reason - possible mental deviations,
  • scare you, break free, whine, bite. On the contrary, he should show interest in a new person, run up to meet, sniff.

The next item is the look. It is bad if the baby is limping, dragging his paws behind him. The gait should be smooth, running springy. Confident stand with a straight back. The tail is raised up, twisted into a ring.

The puppy should look neat. No odor, fluffy, clean coat. Eyes and ears without purulent discharge. Skin without rashes, inflammation, wounds.

Feel the spitz. A sunken or swollen stomach may indicate digestive problems or the presence of worms.

Inspect the puppy's mouth. Only a scissor bite is allowed. A well-developed baby spitz has 12 teeth.

At 4-5 months, the first molt begins. Only after it can you determine the true color of orange. Finally, the color and structure of the coat will form by 12 months.

You need to book a newborn puppy, and it’s better to pick it up when grown up - in 2-3 months. If it will be a show dog, then it is better to wait until 6-7 months.

Like any other purebred dog, a Pomeranian needs care.

Training

Before you bring a puppy home, you need to prepare a room:

  • remove wires from open access,
  • move all household chemicals to the upper shelves,
  • the bin should be closed, and better hidden so that the puppy does not poison,
  • it’s better to remove all the items that the puppy can dump on itself,
  • if you have an open balcony, you need to protect it,
  • close all the gaps in which the dog can hide, exploring a new territory,
  • make sure that there are no small objects on the floor, the puppy may swallow them and choke.

Make a corner for a new family member. This should not be a place in the aisle, draft or near batteries. For example, in the master bedroom, the baby does not feel lonely.

If the Spitz will often remain alone, then take care of a small aviary. They are sold assembled and take up little space. But do not keep the puppy in it constantly.

As a couch, you can buy a special house or basket at the pet store. Inside, lay a mattress with interchangeable covers.

Teach your puppy to his place gradually. You can put there treats or your favorite toys.

You will also need:

  1. Tray for the first months of life. Until all the necessary vaccinations have been made and the dog cannot be taken outside.
  2. Minimum 2 bowls. Metal or ceramic is better, since a plastic active dog can easily turn over.
  3. Toys - rubber, plush, squeaking. As well as special bones.
  4. Hygiene items, massage brushes, combs for combing, nail cutting.
  5. Clothes for walking in the cold season.
  6. Collar and leash.

When picking up a puppy, be sure to ask the breeder how and what he ate. A sharp change in the type of feeding or the feed itself can lead to digestive problems.

In any case, the pet's diet should include:

  • proteins - are responsible for the growth of muscle and bone tissue,
  • carbohydrates - a source of energy,
  • fats - affect the overall health of the skin, coat,
  • minerals,
  • vitamins
  • biologically active components
  • water.

Let's feed the puppy in small portions. Up to three months - 5 times a day, at six months - 3 times a day, from seven months it is enough to feed the dog twice a day.

Choosing the type of food, you need to find out all the pros and cons. The benefits of the natural type include the high benefit of nutrients.

  • waste of time and energy on cooking,
  • additional inclusion of vitamin complexes in the diet.

Approved products include:

  • meat - beef, low-fat mutton, poultry. Must be 1/3 of the whole menu,
  • fish - boiled river, sea - in raw. Pre-cut it into pieces and remove the bones. Fish is replaced with meat intake 2 times a week,
  • porridge - rice, buckwheat, oatmeal,
  • boiled eggs, not more than 2 pieces per week,
  • dairy products - low-fat cottage cheese, kefir, fermented baked milk,
  • fresh and stewed vegetables - bell pepper, cabbage, zucchini, pumpkin, etc.,
  • vegetable oil - sunflower, olive, linseed. Can be mixed with vegetables,
  • greens - parsley, dill, etc.,
  • fruit as a dessert.

  • tubular bones
  • flour products
  • beets, potatoes, legumes,
  • pork,
  • milk is poorly digested
  • sausage products,
  • fatty, salty, fried, smoked, spicy,
  • sweet,
  • spices and seasonings,
  • cereals: millet, pearl barley, semolina.

Food should be fresh, room temperature. Wash vegetables, greens, and fruits thoroughly.

Constant trips, there is no time to cook food for a pet either - dry industrial feeds are suitable for you. Их удобно хранить, а состав уже сбалансирован. Единственный недостаток – цена. Для померанских шпицев подходят только премиум- и суперпремиум-класс.

На первом месте в составе качественного корма должно стоять мясо. Его содержание – не ниже 30%. Затем злаки и овощи, также 30%. Дополнительно:

  • витамины С, Е,
  • травы и масла,
  • минералы,
  • supplements for strengthening immunity, growth and strengthening of bones,
  • preservatives of natural origin. But make sure that there are no salts, acids, sodium nitrates.

Also, premium feeds and above do not contain sugar, cellulose, offal, colorants and flavorings.

Buy dwarf dog food according to age. For allergic dogs, hypoallergenic compounds can be selected. Follow the recommendations on the packaging. Do not buy food by weight.

Do not forget about clean, filtered water. She should always be in a bowl. Change it 3-4 times a day.

Some breeders practice a mixed type of food when ready-made food is given in the morning and natural food in the evening. But mixing both types in one step is strictly prohibited.

The wool of oranges is a matter of pride. Some people think that it takes an incredible amount of effort to make her look decent. But it is not so. Of course, care is important and necessary. And if it is correct, then there will be practically no lost hair in the house: the dense undercoat keeps itself and other hair well.

You need to teach your puppy to combing at the age of 3-4 weeks. You need to do this 1-2 times a week in all directions. During molting, the hair can be combed out daily with a massage brush.

Wash your puppy with shampoo as it gets dirty. Not more than 1 time per month. During the procedure, place a rubber mat or towel in the bathtub so that the dog does not slip. Water should not be hot or cold. Make sure that she does not fall into the ears. After you wash the shampoo, the wool must be wrung out, wiped and blow dry. Use an air conditioner for easy combing.

Regularly check for parasites: fleas, ticks, etc.

Watch for the formation of the correct bite during tooth changes. Once a week, clean them with a special brush and paste. Clean the outside of the auricle with the same frequency. Watch the dog. If discharge appears with an unpleasant odor, the pet will try to itch and shake its head - show it to the veterinarian.

Cut the nails as they grow back with a special nail clipper.

Eyes should be wiped daily. Wet a cotton pad in boiled water or a special lotion. With abundant purulent discharge, consult a doctor.

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