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How to emigrate to the USA from Russia?

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The United States of America is the most attractive country for emigration in the world. The flow of migrants who have chosen to continue their life in America is growing steadily every year. If in the period from 1971 to 1980 about 4.5 million people entered the USA for permanent residence, then already from 2001 to 2010 the number of legal migrants amounted to more than 10 million.

The growth of immigration to America

What countries have the largest emigration to the USA? Of course, the palm in the number of immigrants for several centuries belongs to the neighbor of the States - Mexico. Moreover, Mexican migrants are looking for both legal ways of living in the United States, and illegal.

A wave of emigration from such populous countries as India and China is also growing rapidly. In addition, the number of refugees is growing every year, in particular from countries in the Middle East and from Africa. The new migration policy pursued by the administration of the current US President Donald Trump, which does not allow refugees and citizens of 7 countries with an overwhelming Muslim population to enter the United States, has not yet gained full strength. But she outlined the close goals of the US government - the establishment of more clear and opaque borders of the state. This is due to the growing threat of global terrorism.

But in relation to states loyal to the States, such a policy does not apply. On the contrary, the United States has simplified the entry into the country for citizens of several European countries, for example, residents of the Baltic states, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. The administration also plans to simplify the visa regime with Greece, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Ukraine, Georgia, etc.

United States Migration Policy

Migrants stood at the origins of the US development, which largely explains the generally positive attitude of the authorities to this category. True, at some point not only those who wanted to work and start a new life in a free country began to move, but also criminal elements, as well as malicious rebels. In order to limit their influence, the United States introduced certain rules in its migration policy. In short, the chance is given to many.

For decades, US authorities have tried in various ways to stop "anti-American activity" that usually comes from "suspicious" or overtly hostile people. At one time, special commissions were even created to limit the flow of immigrants from among Mexicans, Germans, or Russians. However, in general, from the second half of the 20th century, migration policy has gradually softened. This was especially promoted by the law adopted in 1965.

When in the 1980-1990s the flow of illegal migrants who came to work excessively increased, the authorities again tried to introduce some restrictions. First, mandatory registration was introduced. Secondly, they decided to reduce the economic attractiveness of employment in the United States. As a result, the influx of immigrants actually declined slightly, and 3.7 million "illegal immigrants" were registered.

In general, the following picture is observed today. On the one hand, the authorities are trying to control the number of visitors so that there are not too many of them. On the other hand, they are making sure that criminals and terrorists do not appear in the country. Basically, severe restrictions on the reception of refugees apply to Muslim countries - Syria, Iran, Iraq, etc.

Pros of relocating to permanent residence in the USA

Why do more and more Russians dream of leaving for permanent residence in the USA? Let's list the main advantages of living in America:

  1. The complete absence of manifestations of chauvinism and xenophobia in relation to immigrants. That is, no one in the United States will blame for accent and poor pronunciation. Insults on a national basis are also completely unacceptable - for this you can "get a hold of" the trial. Americans, for the most part, are very friendly and decent people.
  2. You can always find a job for a good pay. No discrimination by age, gender and race. Even if at first labor activity does not correspond to the acquired education and qualifications - with sufficient diligence and hard work, career growth is ensured. Especially if you are a professional in your field, you can achieve a lot. The average salary of a doctor or IT specialist is about 10 thousand dollars a month!
  3. Good tax and credit conditions for opening both a small own business and a large-scale business.
  4. The brilliant achievements of American medicine, as well as the availability of medical insurance, which makes it possible to receive qualified medical care at any time.
  5. High level of education and many opportunities to get it.
  6. Freedom of movement. This should be understood as a lack of attachment to the place of residence. If you do not like life in one city, you can move to another.
  7. Finally, it is the amazing beauty of the nature of the United States, and the constant care of the state for the environment.

These are the obvious “pluses” of life in America.

Cons of living in America

There are, however, “cons.” This, for example, the high cost of utility bills and food. Or the so-called “dependence on loans”, when almost all property is acquired through a loan from a bank. But the Americans themselves do not look too suffering from these shortcomings, because the level of salaries in America is very high. The above advantages make life in the States very attractive for a large number of immigrants arriving in the country.

The most popular specialties in the USA

To live in America, you need to work. For this, a migrant needs to know which professions are most in demand in a given country.

Since, in the USA, the food industry (cafes, bars, restaurants, snack bars, etc.) is highly developed, the country lacks just such specialists.

Therefore, there is a constant shortage of personnel such as:

§ cash register workers,

But these professions do not require special knowledge and skills. But, if a migrant has the appropriate skills and education, then he can try himself in the following specialties:

2. Managers in the field of trade and personnel management.

3. Teachers in state educational institutions.

We recommend reading these articles:

Pros of relocating to permanent residence in the USA

Why do more and more Russians dream of leaving for permanent residence in the USA? Let's list the main advantages of living in America:

  1. The complete absence of manifestations of chauvinism and xenophobia in relation to immigrants. That is, no one in the United States will blame for accent and poor pronunciation. Insults on a national basis are also completely unacceptable - for this you can "get a hold of" the trial. Americans, for the most part, are very friendly and decent people.
  2. You can always find a job for a good pay. No discrimination by age, gender and race. Even if at first labor activity does not correspond to the acquired education and qualifications - with sufficient diligence and hard work, career growth is ensured. Especially if you are a professional in your field, you can achieve a lot. The average salary of a doctor or IT specialist is about 10 thousand dollars a month!
  3. Good tax and credit conditions for opening both a small own business and a large-scale business.
  4. The brilliant achievements of American medicine, as well as the availability of medical insurance, which makes it possible to receive qualified medical care at any time.
  5. High level of education and many opportunities to get it.
  6. Freedom of movement. This should be understood as a lack of attachment to the place of residence. If you do not like life in one city, you can move to another.
  7. Finally, it is the amazing beauty of the nature of the United States, and the constant care of the state for the environment.

These are the obvious “pluses” of life in America.

Cons of living in America

There are, however, “cons.” This, for example, the high cost of utility bills and food. Or the so-called “dependence on loans”, when almost all property is acquired through a loan from a bank. But the Americans themselves do not look too suffering from these shortcomings, because the level of salaries in America is very high. The above advantages make life in the States very attractive for a large number of immigrants arriving in the country.

The most popular specialties in the USA

To live in America, you need to work. For this, a migrant needs to know which professions are most in demand in a given country.

Since, in the USA, the food industry (cafes, bars, restaurants, snack bars, etc.) is highly developed, the country lacks just such specialists.

Therefore, there is a constant shortage of personnel such as:

§ cash register workers,

But these professions do not require special knowledge and skills. But, if a migrant has the appropriate skills and education, then he can try himself in the following specialties:

2. Managers in the field of trade and personnel management.

3. Teachers in state educational institutions.

We recommend reading these articles:

The best state in the USA for permanent residence

Of course, every visitor is looking for such a state that he was more comfortable living.

Therefore, you need to evaluate all the factors of the upcoming move in the aggregate for each individual family.

If you want to see snow, then you need the northern states, and if you want to live only in a favorable climate, then the south and west of the country.

If migrants need to hear Russian speech, then it is worth paying attention to those states in which there are Russian quarters.

And do not forget about employment. If a migrant has a unique profession in demand, then he has a direct road to the capital.

Ways to legally migrate to the USA

How to leave for America from Russia without breaking the law? In 2019, emigration to the USA from the Russian Federation is allowed in 2 ways:

The first option involves obtaining an immigrant visa. Its design involves an interview with a consular officer. Therefore, an applicant from Russia needs to be prepared to go for an entry document to Moscow, to the American embassy. Consulates do not issue immigrant visas.

Immigration to the United States indirectly occurs through the opening of a non-immigrant visa after an interview in the diplomatic mission. By entry paper, a foreigner arrives in the New World and already there changes his status to immigration. Non-immigration documents are issued not only by the embassy.

They can also be obtained in diplomatic missions in the regions of Russia:

Legal Immigration Methods in the USA

There are several legal ways to leave for the United States quite legally. Everyone can choose for himself one that can suit him. Such programs are developed specifically for various situations and there are currently several categories of them. To be able to live in the New World, you must:

  • Be a sought-after specialist and find affordable jobs and jobs in the USA. There is a special working American visa for this category of people, which is issued for three years on the condition that the specialist will work for the company in the country. When the visa expires, if there is a permanent job and the company needs such an employee, then the visa is extended for another several years. But after that, the document can no longer be extended. For those who intend to stay and work further, for 6 years you can draw up a Green Card and apply for permanent residence. The most promising employees are people with knowledge in the field of medicine, engineering, economics, science and programming, art, architecture.
  • Possess knowledge in the field of various business and at the same time have the opportunity to develop and create it in America. In this category, business immigration to the United States began to develop. For example, if there is a business in Russia, Ukraine or Belarus, its branch may open in the USA. To be able to manage it, the holder is allowed to obtain a visa for one year. If the business is functioning successfully, then you can extend the visa for another three years. Then it is necessary to draw up a Green Card.
  • If a business is acquired immediately, then such a businessman is issued an authorization document for three years at once. Russian businessmen have long had their own firms and even banking branches in America.
  • Be an investor. In order to comply with the concept of investor in the economy of America, you need to make at least five hundred thousand dollars. In addition, it must be proved that these funds were acquired legally. When applying for a visa, the required funds are transferred to the account of a particular bank. If a permit is refused, then all transferred funds are returned to the owner.
  • Become a bride or groom, and subsequently the spouse of an American. The most interesting thing is that this is a fairly simple and affordable way to move to another country. In America, brides are sorely lacking. But in order to live in peace in one of the developed countries of the world, you must first find a potential groom.
  • Become a refugee. Through the signing of the Geneva Treaty, America must accept refugees. A person of this category needs to prove that he is really being persecuted or that life at home has become unsafe for him and his family. The methods of immigration to the United States are quite diverse, but this one has its advantages. For example, for residents of Russia or Ukraine, as well as Belarus, it has become more accessible due to complex political relations and various military conflicts.
  • Win the GreenCard Lottery. There is an annual competition that is officially held by the US Department of Migration. Everyone can participate in it. When registering on the official website, it is worth collecting documents in advance, because if the application is reviewed and the applicant receives a positive assessment, the next step will be to visit the embassy and obtain a visa. Only those countries participate in this draw, from which no more than fifty thousand people left for this country in five years.
  • Family ties. Having permanent relatives in America, according to the laws existing there, you can emigrate legally and upon arrival begin to register permanent residence in the United States.

Ways to travel to the States legally

How to get a residence permit? How to get US citizenship? These questions are of interest to those for whom emigration from Russia seems quite tempting and attractive.

There are legal ways of emigrating to the USA: direct and indirect immigration. In the first case, an immigrant visa is issued. That means an interview with a consular officer with the whole family, which will require visiting the American Embassy in Moscow, because immigration visas to the USA are not issued at the Consulates.

In addition, not every non-immigrant US visa allows you to come to the United States in order to qualify for permanent residency.

Direct immigration

Obtaining an immigrant visa is the first step to gaining American citizenship. Although, I must say that this path is not easy. And the usual appeal to the Embassy is clearly not enough.

How to get an immigrant visa in the USA? There are several legal ways to emigrate to America. Programs have been developed at the government level that provide relocation opportunities for a wide range of populations.

The main ways:

  • Be a professional in your field and find a job in an American company. Then it is possible to get a work visa for 3 years. And when you are irreplaceable for a company, then permission is easy to renew. And then drawing up a Green Card and permanent residence for you and your family can become a very real prospect. The employer will help you with this. Among the professions most in demand in this country are programmers and engineers, physicians and economists, architects and scientists,
  • open your own business here. In this case, you will receive a visa business category for a year. In addition, it is still extended for 3 years, and after that you can get a Green Card for the whole family if your business is successful,
  • opening an investment visa, at least half a million dollars to invest in the US economy. A business will receive capital, a state will receive jobs, and an investor will receive benefits by applying for permanent residence. Of course, the infusion must be legal, and you have to prove it. Funds are transferred to a specific bank. If you refuse, the money will be returned to you,
  • Marry an American (or American) in any state. This method is the most affordable, opening a bride's visa. Of course, you will have to find a potential groom (or bride). But you have the Internet for acquaintance, foreign trips will also help. As soon as you receive a permit, you will be able to emigrate and register the marriage. Get a visa for 2 years,

Attention! Be prepared for the fact that the details of your family life will be checked by a special commission. Her task is to make sure that the marriage is not fictitious. Migration services are especially careful about this.

  • Become a winner in the lottery held annually by the Department of State. To do this, register on the official website, collect documents and apply with a statement, thus becoming a participant in the drawing. В случае положительного ответа, оформляете визу.

О лотерее подробнее

Получение гражданства США путем участия в розыгрыше иммиграционных виз – весьма распространенная практика во всем мире. Россияне, мечтающие иммигрировать в Америку из России, вполне могут воспользоваться лотереей. Заявки принимаются за два года до того, как пройдет розыгрыш. Набор заявлений будет объявлен к концу лета 2019-го.

You take part in the lottery for free. You only have to pay the visa fee on the day you are scheduled for an interview at the Embassy.

In the worldwide network there are many sites offering their help in filling out the questionnaire. Keep in mind that they have no relationship with the government of the United States.

However, the chances of winning are too small. You can also consider the purchase of real estate, as a chance to obtain American citizenship. But this is not a guarantee. Having bought a house, apartment or a piece of land in the USA, you can only count on staying here for a month. With one such acquisition, emigration to America is problematic.

Important! Only on the official page of the program https://www.dvlottery.state.gov/, posted on the portal by the US Department of State, can you apply for American citizenship.

There are also ways of indirect immigration when a non-immigrant visa is issued in the USA, and only then a residence permit in the USA:

  • get refugee status (T - for victims of trafficking and U - for victims of criminal activity, as well as with HIV infections). To do this, you will have to give reasoned arguments and evidence that you and your family are at risk in your country. In this case, documents and a tourist visa are collected, and the application is filed directly in the States, upon arrival,
  • have a relationship with a US citizen. Open a visa, legally enter the country, and there you can already start applying for permanent residence. True, kinship should be close enough,
  • entry into the country on any visa and the birth of a child here. He will automatically become a citizen of America. Once he turns 21, you can apply for family reunion,

Important! You should know that problems with visas in the future mother of the baby can not be avoided. And until the child comes of age, his parents have no benefits.

  • Religious activity in a denomination recognized in the USA. You will have to confirm that you have been serving the faith for at least two years. Then you are provided with a five-year R visa, and after a while - a residence permit, as a “special emigrant”.

Why is permanent residence in America so attractive?

If a Russian has become the object of persecution, is under investigation, is infringed on the rights of his homeland, the United States is ready to accept him with his family.

There is a special agreement on this account, and its effect extends to citizens of the Russian Federation, and to residents of Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. Immigration does not hinder even finding a citizen on the international wanted list. It is enough to comply with American laws, to submit official documents - and political asylum will be granted.

The standard of living in the States is quite high. But without a preliminary agreement, a well-paid job for a Russian would be an unattainable goal. For the most part, having no means to open their own business, migrants start with low-paying activities.

It is worth immigrating to the United States from Russia alone, and the road opens for the immigration of direct relatives. This is an unhindered visit to visit, and the opportunity to get an invitation to work if there are familiar employers.

There will be many Russians for whom life in Alaska seems most attractive. And this is understandable. Employment in Alaska, in the extraction and processing of fish, crab - this is high earnings due to severe climatic conditions.

Do you dream of solid earnings? Not afraid of difficulties? Do you know a little English? You have every chance to replenish the number of employees of one of the marine companies in Alaska.

Important! The better you know the language, the higher your pay may be.

In addition, a person who has received permanent residence in this northern American state is entitled to dividends from the Permanent Fund (DFT). The state government distributes them among the legal residents of Alaska every year. Not to mention the licenses for the best crafts in the United States.

Only not everything is so good and smooth. And you also need to know about this.

  1. The medicine. She is expensive. You will need to take care of health insurance, which is very expensive. But it includes cosmetology and dentistry. For many, it’s much cheaper to return from time to time to Russia to be treated by the same dentist.
  2. Education. It is prestigious, the quality is beyond doubt, but the price for it is certainly very high.
  3. Taxes. You will start paying them as soon as you get a Green Card.

Important! Only after a positive permission decision has been received, can you quit your job, sell real estate, buy airline tickets. Doing this in advance is not recommended.

What do you need?

  • passport valid for at least six months,
  • application form, filled out electronically from the official website of the US Embassy,
  • Photos: 5 x 5 cm - two pcs. for a visa, 3x4 cm - five pcs. for a physical examination,
  • a document on the payment of the consular fee in the amount of 160 dollars,
  • A letter confirming the scheduled interview (with a barcode).

But that's not all. You may need additionally:

For immediate family:

  • marriage certificate, for children - birth certificates,
  • photographs and correspondence, including electronic,
  • financial guarantees from an American relative (original form I-864, tax returns for one year).

For employed immigrants:

  • an invitation letter from the employer with information about the size of the salary and the availability of the vacancy.

For the investor:

  • confirmation of investments,
  • confirmation of the legality of funds. They will serve: income statements for the last three years, statements with data on wages, contracts for the sale of real estate or shares, information about inheritance.

For lottery participants:

  • employment history,
  • education documents
  • confirmation of your financial solvency. This may include bank statements, property valuations, sponsorship of a US citizen (Form I-134, tax returns for the year).

You may also find it useful:

  • previous passport with visas and marks on staying abroad,
  • publications about you in the media (if any).

Important! All papers are submitted in the original. In addition, make photocopies of them in advance, if necessary - translation into English. For extracts from court decisions, translation is required.

The applicant submits his documents in person, and he himself comes for an interview. First you have to go through fingerprinting. This is not necessary if you:

  • complete the task of the state bodies,
  • have not reached 14 years or older than 79.

Please note that the information in the documents that you submit for consideration by the Consulate should contain only truthful information. Otherwise, if such a fact is established, a ban on your entry may be imposed forever.

Important! Too early to come. About 15 minutes, not earlier.

If you make some efforts, it is quite possible to get American citizenship and the right to reside in the best state of America. So do not think that obtaining a residence permit in the USA is a pipe dream if you are absolutely confident in your ability to work, demand and future sources of funding.

Getting a Green Card through a diversification lottery

Up to 55,000 ID cards are issued in the United States each year to confirm non-American residence permits - the United States Permanent Resident Card, simply called a green card. Green card holders have the right not only to live in the United States, but also to work.

In the period from October to November, you should register and apply on the only official website of the DV-lottery. Registration is free, and contact with the organizers of the lottery is completely excluded.

You must accurately fill out the applicant's application form on the site. A lot depends on the accuracy and reliability, for a small mistake your application may be disqualified. Each participant in the lottery receives a personal number. To check the results of the draw, it is enough in early May to go to the official website and enter the number.

If the outcome is successful, you must carefully collect all the required documents and appear with the spouse and children under 21 at the appointed time at the US Embassy.

Green card issuance may be refused for the following reasons:

  • conviction under heavy articles,
  • the presence of a serious illness or mental disorder,
  • submission of forged documents.

In any case, the probability of winning is small, and you should look for additional ways to enter the United States.

Emigration for investors

The EB-5 program allows individuals who wish to invest a large amount from half to one million dollars into the US economy to receive an American residence permit. If you are a successful businessman and already have your own company, you can open his office in America on an L1A visa. Although a visa is granted for three years, but after their expiration you can get a residence permit.

If you have money, but do not have your own company, then for this case there is a visa for E2 investors under an international treaty to promote small businesses. True, in the Russian Federation this document has not been ratified, but you can go as a citizen of other CIS countries and the Baltic states.

Immigration for professional workers

You can go to the United States to work on visas N-1B, EB-3, followed by obtaining a residence permit. But first you need to find an organization that is ready to provide you with it. Of course, in America there are almost no companies interested in the senseless waste of money on an unskilled worker applying for a work visa. Therefore, in order to interest a potential employer, you need to be a specialist in a very high category, and have experience in this field for more than 5 years.
Only programmers can count on obtaining an H-1B visa, according to various analyzes. Specialists in other areas rarely receive it.

But this does not matter, because in America more than 20 types of other work visas are issued, allowing work for a certain period. You can first try this option for a temporary stay in the United States, for further guidance in the intricacies of American employment.

Emigration to the USA from Russia: where to start

How to emigrate to the USA from Russia and what needs to be done before this should be considered in more detail. First of all, a plan should be drawn up where it is necessary to consider and take into account all the nuances and pitfalls that may arise during the realization of a dream.

Mandatory points of the plan should be:

  • Learning American English.
  • Search for the necessary information on obtaining a visa.
  • Obtaining permission to enter and stay in the United States.
  • Collection of necessary documents.
  • Identification of cases that need to be completed in Russia before departure.
  • Fundraising for initial accommodation is also worth finding people who can help adapt to their new place of residence.
  • Job search - the employer will be able to send a call, in which case the procedure for obtaining a visa will be simplified.

Marriage to a United States citizen

One of the easiest ways to go to America and get a residence permit. Three years after registration, you can already apply for citizenship. But you need to know that checking the marriage for authenticity will be extremely serious. At the slightest suspicion of fictitiousness, deportation is threatened at best, and even a prison term at worst.

What documents will be required for immigration to the USA

To immigrate to the United States, you need to collect the documents necessary to enter the country:

An additional set of documents is determined by the status with which the emigrant enters the country. If the basis for migration is the closest relationship, then it is necessary to provide official confirmation of the relationship (marriage certificate, joint photographs, correspondence).

Family Reunification Visa

If one of your close relatives is a U.S. citizen or received a green card, then it’s extremely easy for you to go to live in America. By close kinship should be understood:

  • spouse
  • children under 21 years old
  • parents.

Advantage at entry is also given to adult children, sisters and brothers of US citizens.

Illegal US Immigration Methods

Now let's talk about illegal ways of living in America. These include:

  1. entry into the country on a short-term visa and further stay there after the expiration of the visa period,
  2. falsification of documents of kinship or refugee status. In particular, the creation of an unreliable "legend" and the purchase of the necessary certificates,
  3. fictitious marriage.

The safest of the above, of course, is the first method. But to live like this in America all your life is impossible. For the simple reason that the salaries of illegal immigrants are meager by American standards, medical insurance is not issued, in addition, you can simply “ring out” in prison for the slightest violation. Of course, you can convey to your employers, this illegal is exempt from liability. But in any case, I do not advise anyone to take risks. There is nothing to talk about other methods. In the case of revealing the truth, you have two ways - either deportation, or to prison.

Top states and US cities for immigration

Look at the ranking of the best American cities for immigration.

Rating of the best cities for Russian immigrants
1New York
2Chicago
3Washington
4Seattle
5Austin
6Los Angeles
7San Francisco

Among Russians, such directions as the industrial Northeast or New England are very popular. New York, of course, holds the palm, remember the famous Brighton Beach. Not only Russians live here, the Jewish community is very numerous, so there will definitely not be a shortage of Russian-speaking neighbors. Washington, Philadelphia and Boston are also considered attractive.

In addition to the northeastern states, Russians love to live in California. And no wonder when you consider that this state is deservedly called Golden. Moreover, this is not only the well-known Los Angeles and San Francisco with their huge Mexican, Chinese and Armenian communities. Among the cities of California, San Jose is considered the most promising. The rich love life in Miami, Florida.

And which cities are attractive for living, according to the Americans themselves? This is, first of all, Denver, Austin, Fayetteville (Arkansas), gaining fame Boise (Idaho) and, of course, Seattle.

We hope that our article will help you choose the best way to move to permanent residence in the United States of America.

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