Useful Tips

CV Rules


A summary is a brief display of the text and its basics. The summary contains the main idea of ​​the text and certain keywords and phrases. In order to write a resume you need to learn how to work with text. Often you have to write a summary of the text if you are studying English or French. There are certain rules that allow you to write a resume correctly, so that the text does not lose its meaning, and this was precisely its short form. In order to write a resume correctly, you need to master certain rules that will achieve good results. First you need to decide what a resume is and make a difference between a resume as a brief display of text and a resume as a brief but detailed information about a person with regard to his education and professional skills.

Rules for writing a text summary:

  • Read the text carefully and try to understand it from beginning to end. The concept of text will allow you to create a meaningful resume that will talk about the text as a whole without missing anything.
  • Find key phrases in the text, phrases that divide the text into logical ideas / parts. Don't miss out on their text structure in your resume.
  • Define keywords, try replacing them with synonyms, so as not to distort the meaning of the text. This will prove once again that you really learned how to process the text.
  • Learn to tell the whole text in a few sentences. It’s hard to be brief, especially when there’s a lot to say and you just have to choose the essence. It’s only in appearance it’s easy to briefly tell something, but in fact it is difficult, it is a real art.
  • If it is difficult to cut all the text at once, then you can do it paragraph by paragraph. First, divide the text into logical paragraphs, and then each paragraph is gradually reduced to a few phrases.
  • Reread the text and make sure that you have not missed anything.
  • Remember that practice will allow you to develop text skills.

If the material was useful, you can send donate or share this material on social networks:

CV Rules

Summary - a summary of the essence of the speech, article, etc., the final result of the speech, report, a brief conclusion from what was said, written, read. (From a short dictionary of foreign words).

In relation to an autobiography, a resume is a brief description of the career and qualifications to be submitted to the employer.

chronological (the most common type),

CV (autobiography for scientific purposes).

Date of Birth

Address (registration and residence) - postal code, city, street, house number, apartment number.

Phone - mark home, work or contact, indicate the time at which you can call, if there are restrictions.

The goal is to indicate the position !, and not the desire for professional growth, the acquisition of new knowledge, etc.

Qualification - phrase from diploma

Education - year of admission, graduation, university, faculty, specialty

Additional education - advanced training in the main specialty, courses, trainings, seminars.

Work experience - the last place of work is indicated first, i.e. in reverse chronological order. Work period, company name and specifics, division, position, list of responsibilities.

Personal qualities are strengths of character

Hobbies - you can indicate if it reflects the strengths of the character or may be useful for this work.

Advice! Do not write the phrase "recommendations - on demand." It is better to immediately indicate the full name people (indicating their posts and contact information) who can give you recommendations.

Virtually not common. Dates are not indicated. Professional activity is described in general. It can be used with little work experience or employment gaps.

It is used if the candidate seeks to change a profession or wants to work in a direction that is interesting, although he has insufficient experience in it, or to emphasize his training and qualifications. The structure is the same as in the chronological resume + specific achievements (development and implementation of any projects, increase in sales, participation in exhibitions, presentations).

Recommendations for the design of resumes.

First-person narration should be avoided, you need to start the presentation with a verb (for example, I did not lead, but led).

Sentences should be short, as attention to the resume is held for about 20 seconds.

Use bulleted lists. For example, job responsibilities:

search and selection of personnel,

It is better to submit information, moving from general to particular: he headed the sales department, there were 5 people subordinate.

The volume of the resume should not exceed:

for managers - 2 pages,

for specialists, administrative workers - 1 page.

Font Times New Roman, size 12, 13, 14.

A letter of recommendation can be prepared by the immediate supervisor, colleagues, director, teacher at the institute, if the candidate has no work experience. A letter of recommendation is submitted to the employer in person at the interview.

A letter of recommendation usually reflects the following:

self confidence,

leadership qualities, creative approach to solving problems,

ability to work in crisis situations,

ability to resolve conflicts,

determination, teamwork.

A cover letter is submitted to the employer along with a resume. It briefly explains why the candidate was interested in this company, a vacancy. A cover letter can be used to draw attention to important points in the resume. A well-prepared cover letter allows the candidate to show himself in a favorable light, to make a good impression.

The cover letter consists of:

The introductory part describes the situation that prompted to send data about yourself (for example, the development and success of the company, the opening of a new direction or department, etc.). Consists of 5-6 sentences.

The main part provides brief information about yourself, about the advantages that distinguish the candidate from others, draws attention to the important points of your resume or provides additional information that is not in the resume, and also focuses on the interest in this particular position and the reasons that prompted position yourself in this position.

The appendix is ​​a summary.

Properly written and executed resume demonstrates your professional competence and self-confidence.

When a competition is announced for any position, a large number of resumes come to the employer. The best ones are selected. If you were not able to clearly reflect your advantages in the resume and correctly format it, your chances of getting an invitation to an interview are, alas, very small.

A resume is the first impression of you. As you know, you will never have a second opportunity to make a first impression.

First decide which resume style is best for you.

A summary of the chronological type is compiled on the principle of "first things first." Lists the jobs and responsibilities that you performed. Describing your work history in chronological order will demonstrate your qualifications and strengths in the most beneficial light.

It is advisable to use a chronological summary if:

You want to get a position in an area in which you are making steady and impressive progress,

the last place of work is the strongest side of your work experience and you plan to continue to engage in this activity.

A chronological resume may put you in a bad light if:

you are going to change your career and move to work in another industry that is not related to previous activities,

lately you are constantly busy looking for work and on most of the jobs that you are going to list in your resume, you have worked no more than 3 months,

Your work history has many significant periods of time when you did not work for various reasons.

A functional type resume represents your professional skills, experience in a descriptive way. Where and during what period you worked is described in the most general terms.

This type of resume is recommended if:

you have almost nothing to say about your previous job,

you return to this field of activity and field after a long break,

strictly chronological order of presentation of your experience will not work in your favor,

You have worked in various places, but this work does not reflect your career growth.

A functional type resume focuses on your work achievements, allows you to hide the “holes” in your work biography.

This type of resume is not very popular with employers.

Summary of the combined type.

A resume of the combined type not only demonstrates your qualifications and achievements, but also allows you to get a clearer idea of ​​the chronology of your work.

Combined type summary is convenient to use if:

you want to change your profession and want to emphasize your general training, qualifications, and not indicate any specific professional duties that you had to deal with at previous places of work,

you couldn’t get through the initial selection stage using a chronological resume, and you want to make it more “shocking”,

you want to get a job that you think you could handle, but a work biography has little to do with this particular job.

This type of resume will allow you from the very beginning to draw the attention of the reader to your achievements, as well as to the professional skills and experience that you can offer.

Do not forget that sometimes it is necessary to draw up a few resumes for specific areas of work.

Resume must meet the following requirements

Positive character Create a favorable impression, emphasize only positive qualities and strengths, list only successes. Do not include information that the employer may not like.

Relevance Write only about what is relevant to the work, avoid unnecessary details and details

Truthfulness Submit only information that you can fully confirm. The information provided in the resume may be subsequently verified.

Systematic Provide information sequentially, do not allow time gaps.

Uniqueness Write about what characterizes you, distinguishes you from most other candidates.

Brevity The volume of the text is 1 page for ordinary workers, for managers the volume can be two pages.

Good stylestatements Use exact wording, avoid obscure abbreviations and jargon.

Literacy Check your text for spelling and grammar errors

Nice design Use only quality paper and a good font. Conveniently place the text, divide it into paragraphs. Check and correct errors and typos. The resume should be easy to read.

Sample Resume Structure

If you are a graduate of a vocational education institution, you are applying for your first job, then in the information block “professional experience”, “work experience”, you should indicate when you passed an introductory, technological, production practice, what you learned, what skills you acquired. For example,

Professionally Important Qualities - in this block, the formed skills and acquired skills necessary for this work for which you are applying are noted. These skills must correspond to the requirements that the employer will present to candidates for the specified vacancy.

Additional Information - should show what today the employer wants to see in any specialist:

personal computer skills - programs, editors (for programmers - programming languages),

knowledge of foreign languages ​​- perfectly, conversational, household or technical level,

driver's license and car availability.

Personal qualities - in this subsection, you need to specify from three to five qualities that, in your opinion, correspond to the requirements of the employer for a specialist. It must be remembered that in the selection of personnel, managers seek to select specialists who possess such qualities as:

ability to generate ideas


increase workflow efficiency,

Recommendations - the resume makes a more significant impression if it contains recommendations. It is good if the recommender is a person with a high social status. Usually, the surname, first name, middle name, position of the recommender, and his phone number are indicated in the recommendation. Of course, you should agree with a recommender in advance