- How to spend your last days before the exam with the greatest benefit? What do you need to pay attention to and how to prepare yourself mentally so that the exam does not become an insurmountable obstacle for you and does not break emotionally? Some useful tips.
The last days before the exam
Exams have to be taken, although not often, but it is always a laborious and nervous process. How to organize your study time?
Let's say two days are left before the exam (today and tomorrow). At this time, the applicant (student) must ask himself the following three questions:
- What to learn? (What subject, material, questions, answers, books, textbooks, smart acquaintances, TV, Internet, other storage media).
- How to teach? (Cramming, tutoring, mnemonics, textbooks under the pillow, reading).
- Is it necessary to teach? (Or maybe lucky? Or suddenly I know everything? Or is there a cool cheat sheet?).
Before learning something, you need to decide on the sources that you use. Usually information is either too much or too little. The middle is rare.
In the first case, it is necessary to choose one or two from a variety of textbooks (if this, for example, is history. It is worth taking school textbooks and a short history course written by teachers of the university you are entering). If you can use video and audio materials, do it because they are better remembered.
If this physics or maths, it is better to pay attention to the formulas. If the formula is too long or difficult to remember, pay attention to the components that form it, and their decoding. If the neighbor on the right can still tell you the formula, then you will explain to the teacher yourself.
Tutor - This is certainly good, but it differs in that it costs money. But if there is no money, this is also not the end of the world. Yes, you have to sit down and try to figure it out on your own. It is better to come to a tutor, to a familiar teacher with a specific question or with a specific topic that is incomprehensible. This will save both your and his time. It’s better to use the Internet in preparation when you know what you are looking for, otherwise the process of finding information will take longer than its assimilation.
Friends or acquaintances who know or rent your item will be useful only if they know the material well and you know what you need to learn from them. In addition, not every person has the ability to properly explain something. If you and your friends do not meet these criteria, you will waste time. Note.
This is also a serious question. Whether you are planning to go to school with your head, to sit in the library, or take the “read in transport” compendium — the effectiveness will be different.
What can be done in a limited time environment?
An important point is to get yourself busy. Before the exam, I want to do anything, just to not prepare for it. At this time, you can recall long-forgotten and postponed affairs, remember that you have not called for a long time, you can be distracted under the pretext that it’s time to have a bite, you can prove yourself to be an exemplary son (daughter) and carry out some kind of parental assignment (go to market, fix the shelf, sweep the floor, etc.) - in general, do anything you like to postpone the moment when you have to sit with a book or notebook and get ready.
It is necessary to make an effort on yourself. This is important and necessary. But one should not go to extremes. If you are surrounded by textbooks, turn off the phone and barricade in your room, it is unlikely that the effectiveness of such training will be high. It is best to break the material into pieces (for example, one ticket) or set the time for yourself, say, one hour. For example, if we sorted out the topic of one ticket or worked out for an hour - take a break.
Do not prepare for the exam with a friend or girlfriend (unless he or she knows better than you). Such preparation most often results in long conversations and a waste of time.
Another important question: how to remember?
There are different opinions on this. Some people prefer cramming. But the most successful way of remembering is considered mnemonics (mnemonics). What it is? This thing is quite complex, including, in particular, memorization by associations.
Must remember date - try to remember what this date means to you personally. Maybe it's my aunt’s birthday? Or maybe on this day you did something for the first time or went somewhere? Or suddenly this date resembles someone else's phone? Just do not specifically seek out family holidays. And then on the exam you will have to remember more of them.
Must remember formula? Look at her from a different angle. Try to read it like a word. Match each letter in the formula with a word and make a funny sentence that gets stuck in your head.
It is very convenient to remember any definitions, phenomena, events, reducing them to what you already know. You memorize some long definition - try to simplify it. It is important to understand the essence of the definition, and not to memorize it. Rarely do any of the teachers accept with hostility your explanation of the definition in your own words instead of the learned version. On the contrary. If you can retell the definition in your own words, then you understand it. And that means you understand the material.
Different people have different types of memory: visual, auditory, motor. For people with developed visual memory, reading material will be more beneficial. Then I recall the page on which the desired topic is written. For those who have developed motor memory, it is better to prescribe material again (for example, to write cribs). And so on.
If you feel that you understand the material, and you can explain it, and are not tired yet, continue! In the evening, allow yourself to relax - take a walk, chat on the phone, read a detective story, go visit a friend.
Before going to bed, you can, if not teach, then at least flip through the materials you pass: try, looking at the headline, to recall the general content of the question (if it doesn’t work out, look at the section). Psychologists say that the information obtained during falling asleep and awakening is best remembered.
You can write cheat sheets! While writing cheat sheets you are once again working on the material. But you should not use them. When such “burning” paper lies in your pocket, your head does not work well. Left her at home - the head is included in the work. So it’s better to write and leave at home.
Is it necessary to teach?
To some, such a question may seem silly. But it all depends on what you call the word "teach." For many, the word “teach” is similar to the word “cram”, even if they don’t think about it. During preparation, the material should not be taught, but remembered. Do not sit with a notebook or textbook, memorizing any information - all this was already given in the lesson, at the seminar. You just need to "turn" a certain switch in your head - and the whole "mechanism" will work
Of course, we are not talking about an absolute variant: once I heard it, I remembered it forever. No. Something must also remind your head. (This is really necessary if, for example, I was not in the lesson). But you already know a lot, although you have no idea about it.
What can replace the knowledge of the material?
Anything can happen. Imagine a bleak picture - you studied the fifth ticket all night, and you got the thirteenth, which you didn’t have, which you didn’t teach, which contains some absolutely terrible and meaningless statements that even Petya does not understand, and he is an excellent student . No need to give up. First of all, decide what grade you originally expected to receive - "three", "four" or "five". The lower the score, the more likely it is to get it. Look at the question. What associations does it cause you? Maybe you already remotely passed something similar? Even if on a different subject.
If possible, contact your neighbor. Think! You will learn information not only in the lesson, but also on television, radio, the Internet, conversations, answers of other students, not only from scientific, but also from fiction (where it concerns humanitarian subjects, for example).
In the end (extreme option), you can ask the teacher for permission to drag another ticket. The score will drop by a point, but if you answer confidently and correctly, not everything is lost.
In principle, assessment does not only depend on knowledge. In many ways, it is determined by the mood of the teacher, the appearance and behavior of the applicant, the teacher’s impression of you, ticket number, etc. The main thing is not to panic and focus.
How to convince the teacher that you know his subject?
As already noted, the assessment depends not only on knowledge. There are still purely subjective reasons that sometimes help us, and sometimes work against us. Here are the main points that will be credited to the "pros" in advance:
- Appearance and behavior of the applicant.
- Confidence and composure.
- Ability to "speak teeth."
- Good mood teacher.
Appearance and Behavior
Whatever sport style you prefer, it’s better to come to the exam in a formal suit with a jacket and try to remain serious.
It is not at all necessary to make it clear to the examiner that you are a passionate admirer of a particular musical direction, a follower of any exotic views, etc.
There is such a wonderful phrase: “It is necessary - and fell in love!” Therefore, before the exam it is advisable to fall in love with the subject that you pass. If you succeed, then without acting ability you can portray interest and dedication. What is it for? To make a favorable impression on the teacher.
You never have to hide from the examiner! If you go to the back desk, then in advance involuntarily let the teacher know that they are not confident in themselves. If you have already written the answer to the ticket questions, and you can’t remember anything, don’t sit, waiting until they call you, but rather call yourself. Such an initiative will be credited to you in the "pluses".
Do not take sedatives on exam day. They can slow down your ability to think, make you sleepy and indifferent to everything that happens.
No need to doubt the spread out tickets, wondering which one will turn out to be happy. Take immediately the one that "looks at you." Otherwise, a stereotype is triggered: if you are looking, you want to find something easier, that is, you don’t know all the material. Remember - all tickets are the same. Bad tickets are up to you. If you pull the ticket first, then bad tickets were taken yesterday.
It will be easier for masters of this business to pass exams. The mood of the examiner. Of course, it is far from always cloudless and favorable, but you can try to create it. For this, perhaps, all means are good. What means? Purchased flowers, an appropriate joke. If all this does not make the teacher smile, nothing will help you. But, most importantly, all in moderation.
All these tips, of course, will come in handy if you take an oral exam. Where a test system exists, it is better to rely on your own knowledge, and the deeper and more extensive they are, the greater the chances of entering a university.
1. Read, re-read and re-read
The so-called "memorization" is only appropriate when studying rigorous formulas, and even in this case they should not only be remembered, but also understood. As for the rest of the topics, feel free to re-read the necessary paragraph several times: in this way it will be possible not only to highlight the main idea, but also clearly remember the material presented. Our brain readily responds to repetitions of any kind, so it simply cannot ignore this approach.
2. Find your own “breakpoints”
If you know what a quest or logical charades are, you understand very well how one hint found pulls a chain of subsequent ones, opens up access to new information, and ultimately builds into the big picture.
Remembering everything read is sometimes simply impossible. If you have a lot of material, then it is better to break it into semantic segments and highlight the main idea in each. It is she who will become that reference point, clinging to which, you can easily remember and clearly state the subsequent material when passing the exam ticket.
3. Organize information
You have read the impressive paragraph of the text and, it seems, have remembered all the main things. But there are still several items ahead, and each of them requires a thoughtful approach. One material is "layered" on another.
Unfortunately, when trying to memorize a colossal volume at once, such confusion is not uncommon. In this case, to quickly find and remember the right moment, visibility will help. Our brain actively perceives images and color elements - it is so customary in human nature that bright signals are more firmly deposited in memory. Take advantage of this - use notes, colored symbols (for example, using markers and stickers) to highlight the most basic thing, which will then become a solid foundation for your answer.
4. Find your strengths
An individual approach always works better than any other. If you do not have your own intuitive scheme, it's time to come up with your own scheme for working with information. After all, in addition to reading and standard memorization, there are many other ways to effectively prepare for the exam and facilitate this process.
To begin with, each person has their own specific memory: some people better absorb information by ear, others perfectly remember what they see, others need to familiarize themselves with the subject “from all sides”.
- If you easily memorize the text of a song you’ve heard or a thoughtfully heard lecture, then you have well-developed auditory memory. Take advantage of this. Read the text aloud, retell and speak the information. Read your notes on the recorder - this material will be easy to listen to and remember the most necessary.
- If a couple of glances at a page with text is enough for you to say in which part of the paragraph you met this or that definition, you have a visual (aka visual) type of memory. Marking, underlining and marking the basics of the text being studied are suitable for you. Record, take notes and make your own notes - they will help to quickly restore material to memory.
- If you have a tactile memory, then you definitely won’t be original in your approach to any business. But the long reading process can seem monotonous and boring. Explore the subject from all sides, while the associative way of remembering is ideal for you. It will be useful to make visual cards on which you can record the necessary information and then combine the segments into a single whole. This approach is especially effective in memorizing foreign language words, definitions, and mathematical formulas.
5. Write by hand
In the age of new technologies that offer us to conveniently sit behind the keyboard and quickly type in the necessary text, the idea of arming ourselves with paper and a pen may not seem very practical. But it's not that simple. Scientists and psychologists have long proved that the process of taking notes by hand significantly improves the memorization function and is able to serve well in preparing for exams. The fact is that, independently displaying information on a piece of paper, we kind of “pass” it through ourselves.
The effectiveness of the associative method is proved not only by psychologists, but also by life itself. Imagine: you meet several people, and the name of one of them coincides with your own (or the name of a person close to you). You are unlikely to experience inconvenience because you forgot how to contact a person. If the new information is able to recall something that is already familiar or arouses interest, then it will certainly take its place in memory. Such associations can be called natural - they arise independently and do not require investment of their own efforts. But all the connections and analogies can be created in the process. At the same time, the more creative approach you put into an association, the brighter it will be remembered.
7. Take breaks and sleep a lot
When the time before the exam is short, it seems that a break for ten minutes will be a real crime. And completely in vain.
Our brain is designed in such a way that a large flow of information against the background of lack of rest plays against us, and new knowledge is not acquired.
Have you ever re-read the same sentence several times to make sense?
This first “bell” signals that it is time to postpone the textbook and relax a bit, switching to a short rest or walk. Thus, you will give yourself the necessary respite and after a break you will find that the information is remembered much better.
The night before the exam is the most stressful time in the life of schoolchildren and students. I want to read, remember and repeat as much as possible. However, complete neglect of sleep can affect the most negative way: when looking at an elongated ticket, you can not remember a good part of honestly learned material. A healthy sleep before the exam will bring much more benefit and streamline all the necessary thoughts.
Человеческий мозг отлично приспосабливается к повторяющимся действиям. Например, если вы не в первый раз идёте по одному и тому же маршруту, вы вряд ли заблудитесь. The same rule is actively working in the field of information assimilation: a repeating song on the radio can firmly sit in your head even against our will.
Therefore, choosing the most important thing, do not neglect the repetition and viewing of the text “one more time”. And here is a little trick. If you re-read the passed material at night, then during sleep the received information will go to the stage of long-term memory, and the next morning in most cases you can confidently reproduce the learned rhyme, recall the mathematical formula or the date of birth of the Russian commander.