How to read newspapers
Newspapers occupy an important place in the modern world. In our opinion, every student should read two or three newspapers daily. “Where to get so much time,” you say. Of course, if you read every newspaper an hour and a half, there will not be enough time. Newspapers must be able to read quickly and even very quickly.
The famous Soviet researcher in the field of psycholinguistics I.N. Gorelov gives such recommendations.
Anyone who reads newspapers regularly can easily learn the rational method of speed reading, and it will take him 8 to 10 times less time to look at the band than another who is not familiar with this technique. Being aware of the events, the regular reader, firstly, does not decipher names, geographical names and many other newspaper terms. Secondly, he already has his own organized “data bank”, based on which he can deploy his anticipatory program about the possible development of events. Recall that we examined the phenomenon of anticipation in detail in the fourth conversation (p. 46). Thirdly, he can focus on the material that interests him more than others. But here everything is understood (no matter how new it may be) because there is a ready-made typology of situations, events, there is knowledge of the essence of the matter.
Experienced publicists, feuilletonists, authors of reporting strive to present their text in such a way that it gives the impression of a fresh and interesting. Of course, the fact that is reported may be interesting and fresh. But you can submit it in different ways, starting with the title. The Soviet scientist N. G. Elina examined the typology of headings and found that they can be orienting (what? Where? When?), Explanatory, clarifying (for what? For what purpose or for what reason?), Stating (what generally happened? ), etc. Among other groups, headings are disorienting or indefinitely orientating. For example, O. Henry's collection of short stories “Kings and Cabbage” is a typical disorienting headline, since under the cover the reader will not find any kings and no cabbage.
A heading of the type “5000 years” can be interesting, but the text says that some ruins of the ancient city, according to experts and archaeologists, cannot be dated by the date of occurrence indicated in the heading. It turns out that the original hypothesis was unfounded, but they actually excavated an abandoned structure of the last century, which has no value. Information would be of interest to those who previously knew about the hypothesis and about the excavations. But the journalist, who did not manage to submit the relevant material in a timely manner, did not want him to be lost, refuted. So an intriguing headline was invented. And who would read the information titled “Found a barn of the last century, not of interest”? According to reporters, it was better to call the information “Gross mistake of archaeologists”, because they like to read about other people's mistakes most of all. The text is interesting in that it can have a so-called subtext. But is this statement true? Reading “between the lines” is, of course, a metaphor. But then, where is the implication? We can agree with N. G. Edina, who believes that the subtext is in the reader, in his psyche, and only there. It seems that there are texts with no subtext: what is written should be understood, no more.
However, to understand the brief information, you need the necessary preliminary knowledge, which the author of the information implicates (does not express, but means) and which must be “animated” in the reader, if he had them.
Supporting knowledge that allows us to somehow understand the text is called a text.
As for the subtext, it differs from the subtext in that it not only helps to understand the text itself, but also hints that we should move away from the content of the text in some other direction, remember something parallel, similar.
Thus, when reading newspapers, the main focus should be on finding informative, that is, meaningful, texts for you.
Practice daily. The result of the training will be achieved when reading, for example, the newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda, will take you no more than 15 minutes.
How to read scientific and popular science books and magazines
In our age of information explosion, the age of space and electronics, it is very important to keep abreast of the latest achievements of science and technology.
It is difficult to imagine a specialist in any field of knowledge who would not read literature in his specialty. Does a schoolboy need scientific and popular literature? Of course I need. In order to determine your place in modern society, to find an occupation that meets the inner needs of the soul, you need to know a lot, read a variety of literature.
How often does a former student go to college without any desire or interest in the chosen profession. Of course, this is a difficult problem and there cannot be any recipes here. But our experience shows that a student who reads a lot and quickly will sooner or later find his own business, which will become the goal of his life. Versatile reading increases the erudition of a person, such an interlocutor feels his own in any company: among students of music schools, and among artists, and within the walls of the station for young technicians.
We do not call you to omniscience. There are limits to a person’s ability to perceive and process information.
One prominent Soviet scientist defined the position of an erudite person in this way: you need to know a little about everything and all about a little. A certain system is of great importance in working with a scientific and popular book, otherwise you will be overtaken by the unenviable fate of one of the heroes of A. France, who wrote: “I often read quickly, without counting and parsing, and was extremely surprised when it soon became clear that nothing I do not know".
How to read scientific and popular science books and magazines? How to get to know their content better and deeper? Reading these kinds of books can be different. It can be viewing, selective reading, full reading and, finally, studying.
The way you read depends on the goal.
Suppose you decide to make a general idea of the book, to determine its nature: the degree of scientific character, manner of presentation, style, etc. This can be done by a quick look.
For example, you are interested in a book on a branch of science such as electronics. Acquainted with the relevant section of the library, you will find that there are many books on this topic. There is a choice to make. What is the principle of choosing? Which book is thicker? Or, conversely, thinner? By name - which is more attractive?
Here you need to be guided by other criteria. There is an initial assessment system for the book as a whole.
Viewing a book is a common method that requires the acquisition of certain skills and adhering to the appropriate order in their application.
A quick reader can give a lot to an experienced reader. You need to get acquainted with the book in the following sequence:
a) carefully study the title page, which contains basic information about the book: name, author, place and year of publication, name of the publisher,
b) get acquainted with the table of contents of the book, trying to understand what sections it consists of, in what sequence the material is presented, pay attention to the presence in the book of drawings, diagrams, drawings, supplementing and explaining the text,
c) read the annotation, introduction, introduction, afterword, conclusions, which will help to better present the content, understand the purpose and purpose of the book, get advice on how to read it,
d) to get acquainted directly with the main text of the book, why read some pages, paragraphs, excerpts from the most valuable and interesting sections. This will give an idea of the style and language of the author, the features of the presentation of the material, the degree of difficulty or accessibility of the book.
The search for the right books, the selection of reference books are of great importance for effective work.
Some simple methods and techniques can be very helpful here. Here is a summary of them.
First of all, it is necessary to study the reference literature and compile your bibliography on this topic. To do this, you should look through periodical reference books, catalogs of libraries, lists of books, notes.
According to the periodical press, it is necessary to get acquainted with reviews and announcements of new books, to make clippings from newspapers and magazines. Here you can recommend the Book Review newspaper. If you write and browse it, you will always know about all the novelties of book literature.
The above program with good reason can be called an algorithm for searching and reading scientific and popular science literature. The reading of these texts can be attributed to the statement of the outstanding Russian figure of the book P. A. Rubakin, who wrote that reading is the creation of one’s own thoughts by using the thoughts of other people. Remember this. And if after reading a scientific or popular book you have any ideas, thoughts, thoughts, you read correctly.
How to read textbooks
“We know,” you say, “we do this every day, it is unlikely that there can be anything new.” Nevertheless, we would like to give you some advice.
As you know, in one of our first conversations, we attributed reading a textbook to the type of reading that we call in-depth. Such reading requires a deep assimilation of what has been read and, naturally, can only be slow. However, slow reading does not mean “attentive reading” and it is not always effective. That is why we would like to give recommendations here not so much about how to read textbooks, but mainly about how to take notes.
The ability to make notes while reading disciplines the reader. Marks in the study of any material facilitate mental work, serve as a kind of control of the perceived. Recorded is better and more fully absorbed, more firmly stored in memory. It was found that if, for example, you read 1000 words and then write 50 summing up what you read, then the assimilation rate will be higher than if you read 10,000 words without writing a single one.
It is also important that when writing what is read, the skill of coagulation of information is formed. And this in our time is becoming increasingly important.
The alternation of reading and writing reduces fatigue, increases efficiency and overall productivity of mental labor.
How to work with a book, textbook and take notes?
Summaries can be divided into two groups:
1) compendiums of the studied literature,
2) summaries of future performances. Let's consider each of them separately.
1. Summaries of the literature studied:
a) all accumulated material is systematized in such a way that it can be quickly and accurately navigated. All abstracts need to be numbered and provided with a paginated list of outlined sources,
b) before you begin taking notes, you must accurately indicate in the notebook all the output data: author’s name, title, year and place of publication of the book. If the publication is periodic, then the name of the newspaper or magazine, year, month, number, day, number, place of publication,
c) all abstracts must have fields. For convenience, they can be double - on the right and left. Pages are marked on the left margin and key questions are briefly formulated, subheadings are given. In the fields on the right, write down your conclusions, links to other materials, topics and problems for the further development of this issue,
d) the summary as a whole is a summary of the content of the source. It necessarily alternates with extracts and quotes,
d) Outlining the great work, be sure to keep its structure (section headings). If comments do not fit on the margins, write them in the abstract text, enclosing in square brackets or frames, marking with the signs “total” or specifying “my total”, “my addition”, etc.
2 Summaries of future performances.
You have to make a report, a message at the assembly squad, at a meeting, at a seminar. How to do it easier and more efficiently? The summary will help you with this. How to cook it:
a) develop a plan. It should contain a list of questions in the report or report, as well as direct links to the factual material that was used for evidence. In the first versions of the work, the main thing is to search for a plan,
b) using the thesis technique, identify the main problems of the topic and questions related to them, group them, achieving logical coherence and clarity of wording: what is the message, what do you know, what others say, your opinion, conclusions,
c) in the final version of the abstract, make the main emphasis on a brief (abstract) statement of the whole problem with reliance on the sources used. Learn to speak competently, briefly, specifically.
Can I learn to write fast?
You were not mistaken by reading the title of this section. You can write quickly, or rather, take notes. Scientists have developed a special system called speed notes.
The author of the technique, L. F. Sternberg, argues that it is relatively easy to learn to take notes two to three times faster, and this system is much simpler than shorthand. Let's look at the elements of the developed methodology. First of all, we perform a simple experiment that demonstrates the essence of the technique. To do this, you need to prepare a small manual. Take 3 standard bibliographic cards (125X75 mm) or 3 sheets of paper in half of the notebook page. On the first card, draw what is shown in Fig. 40 a, rewrite the text in fig. 40 b and on the third card what is shown in fig. 40 at (you can put a tracing paper to redraw it, and then stick the tracing paper on the card). Now show the first card to your friend and ask: what is written on it? The answer will be almost instantaneous: "Pythagorean Theorem." Now take the second card and show it to your other friend. You will get the same answer, but you will have to wait 21-25 seconds for it to read and understand the text. The third card must be shown to a person who knows the shorthand. In this case, you will receive an answer in 30–40 seconds. Written on it must not only be read, but also decrypted.
Now let's think: why is there such a difference in the time of perception and processing of the same message? The thing is how it is recorded.
The original message is text 40. b but, you must admit, writing it for quite a long time. Text 40 at It is written much faster, but it is read worse. But option 40a is a text that has already been processed for the best perception, which is read instantly and written quickly. Let us observe the authors of these texts - schoolchildren A, B, and C - grade 1 (i.e., when writing a text) and when preparing for the exam (i.e., when reading our compendium).
Fig. 40. Three ways to take notes
In class. Almost without raising his head, he writes B with the greatest possible speed, throwing out the endings, sometimes whole words, losing the meaning: there is no time to realize - he constantly absorbs the record. Somewhat better than the situation! case of student B: recording takes less time, there is time to realize the meaning of the record. And only the student A has no problem: if the text “giving a triangle is rectangular” sounds 3 seconds, then it takes a second to draw a triangle, one more to think about how to write this phrase, and another second remains in reserve.
Exams. At this time, all schoolchildren are conducting the very experiment that we started with: they read their notes, comprehend and remember what they read. A schoolboy has a double advantage: firstly, it is easier for him to read, since the translation of words into their meaning has already been partially completed and in the abstract he sees not words, but ready-made images, and secondly, it is easier for him to remember, since this material is already once was comprehended in the lesson in the process of thinking about how best to write this phrase. In addition, visual images (such as a triangle) are better remembered than the descriptive text. Schoolboy B most likely reads his abstract as the first text he saw in a lecture all passed by consciousness. By the way, student B, who, thanks to the ability to stenograph, was not very tired at the lecture, now has a difficult time, since decoding the shorthand record requires additional mental effort (individual letters are less recognized in the transcript).
Maybe the authors of these notes are not students and they were not made in the lesson. But even then it is clear that author A was the quickest to complete the recording, and B was the longest writer, and when it is necessary to read the recorded data, it will be easiest for author A, and most difficult for author B.
As you can see, the author A (regardless of whether he wrote in a time shortage or not) has one advantage: it is easier for him to write, and read, and remember.
Unlike authors B and C, who write the text, A writes in a peculiar form the meaning of this text - this saves time. In order to write quickly and the recording turned out to be easily perceptible, you need to practice a little. Firstly, you need to master a number of technical techniques, and secondly, before you write, you need to think about how to write. If you take notes in the library, then this is not difficult to do, and then the cost of mental energy will then pay off by the convenience of reading the abstract. Но и на уроке можно успеть подумать: это только кажется, что на уроке думать некогда, на самом деле человек думает примерно в 10 раз быстрее, чем пишет, поэтому затраченное на обдумывание время с лихвой окупается при письме.
Experience has shown that learning to take notes quickly can be quite simple.
But still, is it possible to read textbooks quickly?
Yes you can. But, of course, this method can be used not as a reading method for in-depth study of the subject, but as an additional, very effective tool. We strongly recommend that you use the ultra-fast reading method - the “assault method” at all stages of the learning process:
for the initial study of a new subject, during the school year, as well as during the preparation for exams. Our recommendations give a very big effect, but only if they are applied in strict accordance with the rules set out below.
1. At the beginning of the school year. Behind the holidays, ahead of the new school year. You brought textbooks from school. You know the subjects you will study. Everyone at school has their favorite and not so favorite subjects. Lay out all the textbooks on the table in order of increasing degree of interest in the subject.
What next? Look at the textbooks in front of you. Each book is a treasury of knowledge, which you have to study throughout the school year. We suggest you “read” each book for one day in the “assault method” mode. Why is this needed? Before studying anything deeply and thoroughly, it is necessary to have a general idea of the subject, to know its main components, features, specifics. You will receive all this data by reading the textbook in the “assault method” mode. After reading, you need to make a brief summary of what you read. In the process of writing the compendium, repeated reading of individual chapters or sections of the textbook is permissible if necessary.
How to work? We advise you to work out each textbook within one day. It is better if it is a day off from study.
If your reading was really fast, active, creative, amazing discoveries await you. What do they consist of?
First, a imaginative, visual panorama of the entire subject, the entire training course and its constituent parts is built in front of your mind’s eye.
The second - the subsequent study of this subject during the school year is a process of recalling the already known, clear and definite connection of individual concrete parts of the whole with the picture you know.
2. During the school year. Our slogan: fast reading - for lazy students. Lazy in the sense that they devote a little time to doing homework. Indeed, there are so many interesting things in the world:
sports, music, hiking. But where to get the time when it all goes to study. Do you want to learn successfully with minimal time? Here are some guidelines.
First, make the most of your time in the classroom. Follow our recommendations for speed-taking notes, find out everything that is not clear to you in the classroom, do not leave anything for later. When writing down your homework, at the same time design a model for its implementation.
Second, you still have problems with some sections of the program you are studying. Find additional literature on the topic and read it. You can find this literature yourself, or a teacher will help you. Remember: the more diverse literature you read on a particular topic, the easier and more accurately you will understand it.
For each subject, be sure to read the additional literature recommended by the teacher, as well as the one that you found yourself. Do not forget to write down the results of what you read.
3. Before the exam. Exams are a crucial part of your studies. This stage is of particular interest to you: you must show teachers not only what you know from the program of the subject studied, but also much of what has come into your field of vision from additional literature. The basis of a successful exam is a solid knowledge of the sections of the program. We must calmly repeat everything, remember, put into the system. Once again, we remind you of an effective repetition system, described in detail in a conversation about memory (see p. 126). What can a quick read give at this stage? After a deep and thorough study of a textbook with examination tickets, it is very useful to read “additional assault books” on this topic, fixing your attention to the most complex and unclear problems for you.
Soon you will feel: the exam is a joy for you, a way to demonstrate your knowledge that goes beyond the school curriculum.
Usually, our students, who have mastered the quick reading method and used it in preparing for exams, got into the taste so much that they later told us that they regret the end of the exams.
How to read fiction
One can definitely say that there is still no definite answer to this question. Several different approaches are possible here.
Fiction must be read slowly, very slowly. “This is not true,” you say after reading all our previous conversations. And you will be absolutely right.
Fiction needs to be read quickly. “And this is not true,” you say. And again you will be absolutely right.
How to read fiction? There is a very simple answer to this question: as an artistic one. But after this, obviously, the following question arises: what is the artistry of literature? If you are interested in this question, we recommend reading a book that fully reveals this concept: Gay N.K. Fiction of literature. - M., 1975. In our book, only basic approaches to the problem will be analyzed. It is not by chance that we consider this issue, for there is literature called fiction, which, upon closer examination, is not. In our opinion, it is very important to be able to understand this. In order to show the complexity and depth of the problem of measuring artistic value, let's see the graph shown in Fig. 41. Here, the dependence of the value of a work of art on a number of key factors is shown. Note that researchers led by the famous French scientist A. Mole consider this schedule to be universal for all types of art: literature, music, fine art, etc.
Fig. 41. Graph of the value of a work of art on a number of factors
As shown in the graph, a work of art is a message characterized by the degree of complexity or amount of information, and this characteristic, in turn, depends on the culture of a given society. As shown in the graph, the value of a work varies depending on its complexity, following a curve that has a maximum at some point. This maximum in the process of historical development of society and the growth of its culture shifts. At the same time, it becomes blurred as a result of a more even distribution of cultural elements. In other words, the general evolution of art leads to the appearance of increasingly refined and difficult to understand combinations of elements, that is, what is called incomprehensible in each era. How here to disagree with Goethe's famous statement:
Everyone sees the world in a different form,
And everyone is right -
So much sense in it.
The science of art has long and hard struggled to decipher the nature of artistic creation. Each writer, based on the specific content of the words, creates a literary text in which the combination of words is not arbitrary, but depends on the meaning and value of the constituent elements. As a result, the word receives a special, not verbal, but figurative meaning, which distinguishes an artistic text from a scientific one, where everything is subordinate to logic, and only to it. The poetic content of the word implies the existence in the art world of an infinite number of images. The essence of a true work of art is manifested in the fact that the word appears here not as a means of information or communication, but as an actor in which they see not himself, but the image that he embodies. When a writer writes: “There was an apple in the world. It shone in the foliage, rotated lightly, grabbed and rotated pieces of the day, the blueness of the garden, the binding of the window ”(Y. Olesha), this is not a naming of objects in a word, but rather the transformation of words into objects, into visual images that arise in the mind the reader in the process of reading.
And here we come to the most important thing: what can a quick reading give for the perception of fiction?
The main thing is not to accelerate the reading process, but to deepen the aesthetic impact due to the development of visual, figurative components of thinking in the reading process. It is no coincidence that many students after the completion of quick reading courses noted a sharp increase in the visual components of the reading process. “It’s as if I’m not reading, but watching an interesting movie with all the characters, events, landscapes that are described in the book,” one of our listeners wrote.
Gorky, whose rapid reading we spoke at the beginning of the book, read literary texts precisely because he was distinguished by a vivid imagery of perception. Even as a child, reading books, Alyosha Peshkov so clearly imagined what he read, that he was struck by the witching power of the printed line and, not understanding the secret hidden in the art word, examined the pages into the light.
Is there an algorithm for reading fiction? Specialists have developed three levels of penetration, or immersion, in literary text, which are a kind of reading algorithms.
The first stage of immersion: to understand the plot and plot. The writer resorts to a plot to show what the hero is doing, what he does, how he acts. The task of the reader is to keep track of all this, not to miss anything. This level can be called "event" or "storyline." All readers take possession of it. Researchers have noticed that at this stage of perception, when retelling, many people mainly use verbs for action. So, when retelling the film “Come to me, Mukhtar!” Out of 175 words there were 32 verbs denoting an action, and only 1 - a state. This level of perception is characterized by up to 80% of young viewers.
Is it important to know the action - the plot? Of course. A good understanding of the plot and plot of a work means approaching an understanding of the psychology of the writer's work and his skill.
The writer’s art of “telling” is a special art that requires that the reader’s interest grows throughout the story.
The second stage of immersion: the reader’s ability to identify with the character, to compare his fate with the vicissitudes of his fate. At this stage of perception, it is necessary to understand the complex structure of relations between the characters, the motives of their likes and dislikes, actions and behavior - in the artistic conflict of the work. This step can also be called "semantic." The reader, as in the first case, is interested in acutely plot situations, but he is concerned not only with the fate of the heroes, but also with their experiences. He also sharply feels his own feelings about the actions of the characters. Everything is embedded in the memory: the landscape, the decor, and the appearance of the characters. Talking about the book, the reader conveys not only actions (left, came, hid) but also the experiences of the heroes (hates, loves, doubts).
The central, and often the only figure in all artistic creation is man. It is impossible to imagine a literary work without heroes, without characters, no matter what kind it refers to. In the lyrics, the author is the hero himself, in the epic and drama - one or more heroes are required.
Reading a work of art, we almost never go beyond the boundaries of the human world, which is very similar to the real one, but at the same time is not a simple repetition of it. We do not doubt the conventionality of literary images, but at times they acquire such a reality for us that we regard them as truly existing.
The third stage of immersion: the identification of the reader with the author-artist. It is called figurative and semantic. Its essence could be expressed in the famous words of L. N. Tolstoy, who said that the reader picks up a book in order to see what kind of person the author is and what he, the author, has in his soul.
A work of art always reflects the level of personal aesthetic knowledge of the writer. Creative knowledge is primarily self-knowledge. The artist, creating a work, to one degree or another expresses his vision of the world. This is one level. It can be described as a "small" world. The writer's attitude to the environment, time, contemporaries can conditionally be called the "middle" world. This is a different level. A great artist never stops at these levels. Both of them for him - the path leading to the knowledge of the big world, macrocosm - the universe, humanity. Having understood these levels of knowledge, having determined their nature, we will come closer to understanding the “secrets of the author’s unity with his heroes,” the secrets of the personal creativity process, and therefore we will be able to more accurately understand what the writer wanted to tell his reader. It is important to establish what he knew, what the writer understood and what remained beyond his consciousness, and what, for various reasons, he could not figure out.
At the end of this conversation, read control text No. 9. Try to read as quickly as possible, but, most importantly, awaken in your mind vivid visual images, ideas of what the author writes about. Having finished reading the text, do not rush, as usual, to answer questions, sit out, think, reflect. Check if you have remembered all the blocks of the integral reading algorithm for spaces.
According to the formula you know, calculate the speed of reading and enter the result in a graph and a table of your success.
Control Text No. 9
The bridge between students in Japan and the United States was drawing to a close when the host in Tokyo made an insidious move. After listening to the tirade of an overseas colleague about the unwillingness of the Far Eastern allies to open their market for American products, he paused and suddenly ordered a microphone: “Let those who buy goods with the stigma“ made in the USA “raise their hands!” Nobody moved in the hall. “And who uses only Japanese products?” Immediately a hand forest rose.
“You know,” one of the Tokyo students explained, looking at the TV camera, “the point is not in nationalism. It’s just that our products are cheaper and better than Western ones. ” However, not only the inhabitants of the Japanese islands consider this. “It’s time to understand,” writes the New York Times, “that the secret to the success of Far Eastern businessmen in foreign markets is not at all insidiousness, not in violation of the“ gentlemen's rules of trade ”, but in the ability to produce good goods and seek continuous improvement.” How did Japanese businessmen win the right to such compliments from their worst competitors? One answer is in action
The first rule is Focus on reading.
The main answer to the question “how to quickly learn to read?” Is the ability to focus on reading, to abstract from external factors. It is best to find a place in which there will be no noise, bustle around you, idle talk, rid your head of unnecessary thoughts and immerse yourself in reading. An equally important factor in order to concentrate is a preliminary reading of the announcement of the book and reviews about it. This will allow you to subconsciously highlight the most important points in the book, which will speed up both reading and assimilation of the material. Having fulfilled these conditions, you will concentrate on the book and get the maximum pleasure from reading.
Rule Two - Read without speaking.
Do not repeat the text in your head; in a scientific sense, this is called subvolication. Subvolication is the repetition of what is read, either in the head or aloud. The main reason to abandon this method is that this method significantly slows down the speed of text perception. It is necessary to get rid of such a habit, do not repeat sentences or parts of it in your head. After the "victory" over this habit, reading will be many times faster and more enjoyable. The brain will be much better at memorizing what they read. It will also be useful to read our article on the topic “7 tips on how to read books.”
Rule Three - A global assessment of what is written.
Focus and highlight the main thing in the text, do not waste your attention on things of the second plan. Moreover, it is important to learn how to concentrate on several main phrases at the same time. One of the secrets of answering the question “how to quickly read a book?” Is the ability to perceive any text with separate informational constructs. You do not need to analyze every word or sentence - the brain will process the parts you have selected and, at the output, give a complete picture of what the author of the book or article wanted to convey to the readers.
Rule Four - Bookmarks.
It would seem a minor trifle, however, by bookmarking, you significantly reduce the time to find the place from which you interrupted reading. The bookmark can be any suitable item at hand, such as a ruler, pen, even a regular sheet of paper. Also, in order to speed up the process of finding the place where they broke off, you can make notes with a pencil directly in the text. Использование закладки во время чтения также ускорит процесс, поскольку позволит сфокусировать внимание на читаемой строке.
Правило пятое – Постоянная практика.
В чтении, также, как и во всем, для того, чтобы достичь чего-то, нужны тренировки. Начните свое совершенствование навыков скорочтения с простых книг, к примеру, с рассказов, ведь у них небольшой объем и одна сюжетная линия. Read, read and read again, not forgetting the basic rules and very soon you will be pleasantly surprised by your skills. Speed reading will become commonplace for you, will save time, increase the amount of your knowledge and soon you will understand how to quickly read any texts, while delving into them
3 effective ways to learn how to quickly read and remember
In order to learn how to quickly read and remember information for a long time, you need to understand the principles by which our memory works. Remember 3 basic definitions: impressions, associations, repetition. For example, you are going to read a very interesting book and want to remember it without losing almost anything.
How to achieve this? Use our methods:
First - Impression
If you emotionally “feel” the book, then remember a lot more. While reading, imagine the events described in your head, try to feel the emotions that the characters of the book experience. Imagine that you are one of the characters in the book. Create in your head a complete picture of what is happening, manage your impressions. It is with the help of this that the maximum amount of information will be saved in your memory, and at the same time you will have the opportunity to read quickly.
Second - Associations
Many people know about the method of association, and this is not unreasonable, since it is extremely effective. It is based on comparing what you read with something you have experienced, drawing a parallel with your life. This technique of memorizing text works with a bang. Indeed, you must agree that it is very simple to understand and comprehend something new if you compare it with what is so familiar and understandable.
Third - Repetition
Even from school, we knew that in order to learn a verse, we would need to repeat its lines many times. The same scheme works with books. If you have stories and stories that you like, then for their better study you need to return to them more often, view and re-read them. Thus, you better keep their plot and meaning of the story in your head.
So, you have familiarized yourself with all the useful instructions and rules that will help you learn speed reading. But remember: the main thing is not how fast you absorb books, but what trail it leaves in your soul. After all, books are the best investment in oneself. You are not only what you eat, but also read. Learn to do it efficiently, meaningfully and soon you will see excellent results.
How fast do you read? How well do you remember what you read? And which of the rules do you find most useful?