The increased gas formation in the intestines is a lot of inconvenience. In order to know how to get rid of flatulence, it is necessary to identify the cause of the problem. This condition can cause not only a violation of the gastrointestinal tract, but also diseases of the internal organs.
Quickly cope with increased gas formation will help drugs. The choice of remedy will depend on the cause of the disease. For example, if the hepatobiliary system is disrupted, then drugs are prescribed that contribute to the normalization of bile secretion (antispasmodics, choleretic).
The liver secret improves the digestive process, so the intestines are freed from the accumulated feces and gases. If intestinal motility is reduced due to insufficient pancreatic synthesis of enzymes, enzyme preparations containing enzymes that break down nutrients should be taken.
In case of poisoning with low-quality products, sorbents will help to remove gases from the intestines. Biotics can also be used as an etiotropic treatment, since pathogenic microflora also emit gas during their life.
Thus, they can contribute to the removal of gas from the gastrointestinal tract:
- drugs that normalize the digestive process as a whole (choleretic drugs, antispasmodics, enzymes, probiotics). They eliminate the cause of the retention of proteins and carbohydrates in the stomach and duodenum, which contributes to the disappearance of increased gas formation,
- carminative drugs. Their main goal is to reduce the tension of gas bubbles so that air can escape naturally. In such funds, the active substance is simethicone or dimethicone. They help eliminate gas from the digestive tract, which means that flatulence, belching, abdominal pain,
- adsorbents. These drugs not only capture gas, but also toxic substances of exogenous and endogenous origin. They, like a sponge, cleanse the intestines, which contributes to the normalization of the organ.
Symptomatic therapy, that is, treatment that does not affect the course of the disease, but only relieves the symptoms, may include taking the following drugs.
It quickly relieves bloating and removes gas from the intestines. In addition to flatulence, the drug eliminates symptoms such as belching and nausea. The product is available in capsules, it is not recommended for children under 14 years of age. You need to take the medicine twice a day before meals.
The drug is available in the form of tablets and suspensions. It should not be taken by people with diseases of the liver or bile ducts. The drug allows you to eliminate flatulence, get rid of pain in the stomach, provoked by increased gas formation, as well as normalize digestive function. You need to take the medicine before meals.
The active substance is domperidone, which normalizes gastric motility, as well as eliminates dyspeptic symptoms (a feeling of fullness in the stomach, pain in the epigastric region, belching, flatulence, nausea, heartburn, vomiting). In chronic dyspepsia, adults and children over 12 years of age are prescribed one tablet three times a day for 15-30 minutes before eating.
It contains pancreatin, which is necessary for the breakdown of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. The drug is recommended to be taken if dyspepsia is present, as well as if fatty, indigestible or unusual food was consumed and flatulence or intestinal upset has developed against this background. You can take pills for children from three years of age (it is recommended to take pills with food).
May be prescribed to newborn children. The drug normalizes intestinal motility, which helps to eliminate gases.
The drug is based on simethicone, which destroys gas bubbles in the stomach and small intestine, and they come out naturally. Newborns are given 25 drops of the medicine during or after feeding, and adults take 50 drops 3-5 times a day.
Based on simethicone Dysflatil, Sab Simplex, Pepfiz, Almagel Neo, Infakol and Bobotik. Carminative drugs, that is, those that contribute to the removal of gases from the intestines, also include Cuplaton, Plantex, Dimethicone and activated carbon.
If flatulence disturbs young children, then you should not choose a medication yourself, but you need to show the patient to a pediatrician who will determine the causes of bloating, prescribe the necessary medicine based on indications and contraindications, and calculate the correct dosage.
Dietary recommendations for increased gas formation
If flatulence worries quite often, while there are no other symptoms, then it is likely that increased gas formation is caused by nutritional factors. If a large amount of fat is present in the diet, then they simply do not have time to digest digestive juices and begin to rot, releasing gases and promoting the growth of putrefactive bacteria.
Also, bloating will occur when consuming large amounts of carbohydrates, as they begin to ferment. Another reason for flatulence is the use of inconsistent foods, for example, if there is a melon after the main meal, then the risk is high that the stomach will swell.
If flatulence occurs often, then you need to balance the diet. Doctors recommend reducing the number of products that cause increased gas formation. These are beans, flour products and sweets, pastries from yeast dough, milk and dairy products, some vegetables (turnips, radishes, cabbage, bell peppers), carbonated drinks, black bread.
Meat broths, parsley, dill, green vegetables and fruits, cereals will help to cope with increased gas formation. When flatulence, you must adhere to the following rules:
- do not overeat,
- drink enough fluid
- eat fractionally
- exclude fatty and heavy meals from the diet,
- limit your intake of fats and carbohydrates.
Traditional medicine recipes
Alternative medicine will also help get rid of gases in the intestines. For the treatment of flatulence, it is recommended to use cardamom, nutmeg, onions, peppermint, oregano, rosemary, saffron, fennel, pastis and more. One of the most famous ways to remove colic from a newborn is to give him a drink of dill water.
To combat increased gas formation and colic, fennel seeds are used, which help to eliminate flatulence, reduce the inflammatory process, and have an antispasmodic effect. To prepare the infusion, you need to take half a teaspoon of fennel seeds and pour them into boiling water (200 ml), leave it on fire for three minutes, and then let it brew for a quarter of an hour.
Drink the drug is advised two to three times a day. To cope with the symptom, you can live on fennel seeds, as a bonus, the plant will refresh your breath. Boldo is often recommended for treating the liver and digestive tract. It contains alkaloids and essential oils that reduce gas formation and protect the walls of the stomach. To prepare the product, you need a teaspoon of plant leaves and a glass of boiling water. You need to drink such tea twice a day.
To quickly eliminate flatulence, mint is suitable. The plant helps to reduce gas, improves digestive function, helps to remove pain and relieves constipation. It is recommended to drink mint tea, for the preparation of which they take one tablespoon of mint leaves. You can drink no more than three cups of mint broth per day.
Anise removes gas from the digestive tract and eliminates inflammation. On a glass of boiling water you need to take two anise stars. Cinnamon also has a carminative effect. A decoction based on it will help not only to cope with increased gas formation, but also to relieve pain in the stomach. In a glass of boiling water you need to take one spoonful of cinnamon. Such a drink should be drunk after eating.
The universal remedy is chamomile. It is able to help with many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Chamomile tea will help relieve inflammation, remove gases, normalize intestinal motility, and improve digestive function.
Causes of bloating and flatulence
Bloating usually occurs with excessive production of intestinal gas due to poor digestion. Undigested enzymes in the intestines produce carbon dioxide.
Very often, swallowing excess air leads to bloating. Habits such as chewing gum, sucking on lollipops, sodas, the use of a beverage can and nervous swallowing contribute to this.
Consuming large amounts of fatty, heavy, and unhealthy foods that are hard to digest.
Bloating is often a symptom of other disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome, lactose intolerance, constipation, gastroesophageal reflux, and celiac disease.
In women, the cause is often hormonal changes and often occurs with premenstrual syndrome and during pregnancy.
Symptoms of Flatulence
Increased flatulence is not a disease. But some symptoms can be a sign of serious pathologies. Manifestations of flatulence:
- bloating and a feeling of heaviness,
- belching and hiccups
- gas evolution
- abdominal pain that disappears after exhaustion of the gases,
- intestinal fermentation
- diarrhea or constipation
- shortness of breath, tachycardia due to pressure of the swollen intestines on the diaphragm,
- decreased appetite, weakness.
Excessive accumulation of gases can lead to intoxication of the body and insomnia. It is recommended to consult a specialist at the first symptoms.
How to quickly get rid of gas and bloating
To avoid gas and bloating, it is important to make some changes in your lifestyle.
Avoid foods that cause gas, such as legumes, cabbage, and cauliflower.
Avoid dairy products if you are intolerant to lactose and gluten.
Sugar-free foods also often contain bloating ingredients.
Exercise and quit smoking.
If you are often tormented by gases, then you need a faster solution to the problem. Fortunately, folk remedies that help you quickly get rid of gases will come to your aid.
Find a nook to say goodbye to this problem.
A teaspoon of mustard effectively copes not only with heartburn, but also with the problem of gases and bloating.
© YelenaYemchuk / Getty Images Pro
Mustard enhances salivation, which contributes to good digestion. In addition, mustard has antispasmodic and antibacterial properties, which helps to get rid of intestinal gases.
If you have persistent bloating, start eating mustard regularly to reduce symptoms.
Eat 1 teaspoon of mustard or dissolve in a warm glass of water to quickly relieve symptoms. If the taste is too harsh for you, you can mix it with honey or drink tea.
Baking soda is an excellent anti-swelling agent. It reacts with gastric acid, producing carbon dioxide and promoting belching, thereby eliminating intestinal gases.
Although this can be an effective and quick solution to the problem, too frequent and excessive consumption of soda should be avoided, as this leads to the production of stomach acid and eventually to gastrointestinal problems.
If you are on a low sodium diet, remember that 1 teaspoon of soda contains almost one third of the normal sodium intake.
You will need: water, soda, lemon
Squeeze the juice of half a lemon into a glass of water.
Add 1 teaspoon of baking soda to it and add water.
Stir all the ingredients.
Drink this drink to initiate burping and flush out gas in a few minutes.
According to eyewitness accounts, peppermint tea is an effective remedy for gases and bloating. Menthol oil in peppermint tea has many advantages. It reduces muscle cramps and helps get rid of gas, reducing bloating.
The ingredients in mint allow gases to pass through rather than accumulate, causing pain and distention in the stomach.
Brew mint tea and leave it for 5-10 minutes.
Drink a glass of peppermint tea before bedtime to improve digestion and prevent bloating.
4. Apple cider vinegar
Universal apple cider vinegar will help you get rid of all excess gas in the intestines. Intestinal gases are often the result of undigested food that ferments in the stomach. Apple cider vinegar contains probiotics that trigger digestion, reducing bloating and preventing the subsequent accumulation of gases.
Add 1 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar to 1 cup of water.
By consuming this drink once a day, you will feel a quick relief of symptoms.
The main causes of bloating
The diseases in which flatulence appears are diverse. The main reasons include:
- The beginning of the inflammatory process in the large intestine (colitis). The cause of the appearance can be enterocolitis, in which the mucous membrane of the small and large intestines becomes inflamed.
- Dysbacteriosis In violation of the bacterial balance in the intestines.
- Intestinal obstruction.
- A defect in the structure of the palate, teeth, or nose.
- Helminthiasis (with infection by worms, strong gas formation is not excluded).
- Cirrhosis of the liver. Concomitant symptoms manifest as pain in the right side, bitterness is felt in the mouth.
- Irritable bowel syndrome. It occurs if excessive gas formation is not cured in time.
- Prolonged spasms in the intestines.
- Crohn's disease begins with the inflammatory process and affects the entire gastrointestinal tract from the oral cavity to the anus.
Gases and bloating often affect women, with hormonal changes during the period of gestation. In later pregnancy, excessive gas formation can cause fetal pressure on the intestines.
When the body lacks enzymes for digestion, abundant gas formation begins. Some products may cause a similar problem:
- legumes - peas, lentils and beans,
- gas drinks
- whole grain baked goods,
- some types of fruits (bananas, apples, nectarine, pears),
- dairy and dairy products,
- White cabbage,
Bloating can provoke the use of alcoholic beverages with food, so it is recommended to change the diet if it starts to swell when you use the product.
To eliminate the ailment, you need to know how to get rid of bloating. Treatment includes medication and diet. Medications include:
- Motilak. Tablets are prescribed only for intestinal obstruction, with normal bloating, their intake is not recommended. The medicine is aimed at removing gases and getting rid of pain, eliminates nausea and belching.
- Meteospasmil. Quickly removes bloating, removes excess gases, further prevents the appearance of the disease. Take capsules 2 times daily before meals.
- Mezim. Normalizes bowel function, helps eliminate heaviness in the stomach. For patients, the drug is prohibited.
- Motilium. It relieves pain that occurs during gas formation, normalizes the digestive tract.
- Espumisan. Improves intestinal motility and is an excellent remedy for bloating and gas formation.
With flatulence, activated carbon can become an indispensable assistant. It is an absorbent that is not absorbed into the blood. Adults take 1 tablet per 10 kg of weight, do not chew, drink with water. Do not use in patients with ulcers and gastritis.
The doctor can recommend traditional medicine if there are no pathologies. If the question arose about how to get rid of flatulence at home, it is worth choosing the appropriate recipes. Effective methods include:
- Infusion of mint or clover. Add 1 tbsp. To a glass of boiling water. l herbs. Insist and take throughout the day.
- Melissa decoction. 3 tbsp. l soak in 150 ml of boiled water, put on fire and simmer for 25 minutes, strain. Take 3 times a day before meals.
- Dill water. For cooking, mix dill oil with warm water in a ratio of 1:10. Drink in small portions 2-3 times a day. With strong gas formation, increase the dose to 5 times.
- Mix the dry leaves of dill and chamomile in equal proportions, add boiling water, let it brew for an hour. Take no more than 1 cup per day.
- Squeeze juice from potato tubers and drink 2 times a day before meals.
- Ginger. Add honey to the crushed ginger, make a porridge-like mixture and eat for 24 hours.
- Pour cumin seeds with boiled water, insist 1 hour, strain and drink.
Partially reduce gas formation using sugar, just mix 1 tbsp. l with aniseed oil and eat in one step.
Before choosing a method, how to get rid of gas in the stomach, you should consult with a specialist.
Folk remedies for bloating
5. Fennel Seeds
Chewing fennel seeds is another method of getting rid of gases and bloating that came to us from India.
Fennel not only freshens the breath, but also helps digestion. Семена фенхеля содержат эфирные масла и другие компоненты, которые стимулируют производство желчи и помогают непереваренной пище продвигаться по желудочно-кишечному тракту, предотвращая последующее накапливание газов.
Brew 2 tablespoons of fennel seeds in 1 cup of hot water.
Cover the cup and let the seeds soak for 5 minutes.
Fennel tea instantly eases bloating, but you can also drink it once a day to relieve symptoms.
You can also take fennel seeds with you and chew them after eating.
6. Activated carbon
Activated carbon is, perhaps, one of the most effective and fastest means against gases, bloating and unpleasant odors. Due to its good porosity, activated carbon is able to absorb toxins and intestinal gases.
Activated charcoal can be consumed in capsules or tablets. Dosage for adults is 500 to 1000 mg (2-4 capsules)
It can be taken both for treatment and for preventive measures. For prevention, it is better to take activated charcoal before meals so that it does not absorb nutrients from food.
If you are taking any medications, the interval between taking medication and activated charcoal should be about 2 hours.
Ginger is a reliable solution to the problem of flatulence and bloating. Regular ginger tea very effectively copes with these problems.
Ginger enhances salivation and bile production, which improves digestion. And the gingerols and shogaols present in ginger reduce the gases and spasms associated with it.
Try replacing carbonated drinks and coffee with ginger tea.
Boil 1 cup of water and add a few slices of ginger root there.
Simmer for 3-5 minutes.
Strain tea and drink it twice a day.
Although garlic has a strong odor, it effectively copes with many problems, including gas and bloating. Of course, raw garlic is best suited for these purposes.
It can be added to the soup or for quick relief make a garlic broth.
3-4 cloves of garlic
6-7 black pepper peas
Half a teaspoon of cumin seeds
Put water on fire.
Add 3-4 cloves of garlic, black pepper and caraway seeds to the water.
Bring water to a boil and keep on low heat for 3-5 minutes.
Strain the garlic broth.
Cool the broth to room temperature and drink several times a day.
If you feel very uncomfortable, some yoga poses will help you, which remove gas and give great relief when bloating.
9. The “free wind” pose (Pavanmuktasanbut)
This pose helps remove excess gas in the abdominal area.
Lie on your back, take a deep breath and bend your left leg at the knee, pressing it to your chest, and exhale.
Hold the knee with your hands while the thigh fits snugly against your stomach.
Breathe in again and, while exhaling, raise your head and touch the chin of your knee.
Hold the pose for as long as you feel comfortable, taking deep breaths and exhalations.
Release your leg and repeat the action on the right leg, and then do the exercise with both legs.
10. Pose "mountains" (Parvatasana)
Parvatasana is one of the elements of Sun Salutation in yoga. By performing this exercise, you can get rid of many stomach problems and flatulence in a few minutes.
Get on all fours.
Pressing your palms to the floor, raise your knees and take your buttocks up, straightening your legs and pressing your heels to the floor.
The chest reaches for the hips.
Hold the pose for a minute.
Avoid drinking peppermint tea if you suffer from acid burping or reflux, otherwise it may aggravate the symptoms.
Add peppermint leaves to lemonade or tea to reduce bloating.
Instead of peppermint tea, you can drink chamomile tea.
If you are taking diuretics or insulin preparations, consult your doctor before drinking apple cider vinegar, as it may interfere with the action of these medicines.
Fennel seeds can be replaced with caraway seeds.
To improve the taste, add honey or stevia to the tea.