Useful Tips

DIY terrarium: making a pet house


There are a lot of lovers of exotic animals, and their number is only increasing. That is why various lizards are quite common inhabitants of home terrariums. The unpretentiousness of these animals does not mean at all that there are no features in their content. On the contrary, when selecting or creating a room "house" for these reptiles, many significant factors must be taken into account.

Dimensions and shapes of terrariums

Science knows over 3,500 species of lizards. Of course, not all species are kept at home. It must be understood that for representatives of each species of lizards, it is necessary to choose a "dwelling" in accordance with the size of the animal.

There are certain rules for selecting a terrarium for each specific species and size of scaly reptiles.

  • For example, for wood lizards you need to build such a "house", where the height of the walls will be equal to the double length of the animal. Least.
  • Approximately the same formula is suitable for land running lizards, but only a 1: 2 ratio applies to width and length. In the sense that the length of the terrarium should be equal to twice the length of the pet, and the width - one length.

DIY terrarium

In principle, an ordinary aquarium, which can easily be purchased at a store, is quite suitable as a home for an exotic pet. Naturally, water should not be poured into it. However, many wildlife lovers prefer to make a terrarium for a lizard with their own hands.

As a material, you can use

  • ordinary glass
  • plastic,
  • organic acrylic glass.

When choosing one or another option, it is necessary to take into account a number of features:

  • ordinary glass is quite fragile and difficult to work with,
  • clear plastic is a soft material that remains visible scratches from the claws of nimble reptiles.

Work stages

Depending on the size of the home lizard, terrariums are made either in a frameless version (for a small reptile), or they are a frame structure if a large lizard requires significant space.

Frame. The walls and bottom of the terrarium are connected to each other using aquarium silicone glue, which is safe for animals.

Ventilation. There is an important feature: one wall (or part of the wall) must have openings for ventilation.

They can be easily made in Plexiglas, but there is a variant of the wire side wall, which serves not only as a ventilation channel, but also allows active lizards to fit on it.

There is another way: the side walls are made of wooden battens, in the spaces between which a plastic mosquito net is stretched.

Bottom. As a floor for such a terrarium, thick multilayer plywood is used. If the housing for the lizard is constructed from wooden parts, then the size of the reptile should be taken into account.

Cap. As for the cover, the best option is a frequent metal mesh, which provides not only a good overview of the internal space, but also air circulation. There are examples of a compound cover when its glass half is hermetically attached to the walls and the opening part is made of wire mesh.

As a result, the choice of type of construction directly depends on the type of reptile.

Terrarium Equipment

Those or other features of the interior decoration and equipment of the house for the animal also depend on the type of lizards.

If the house contains a reptile of the temperate climate zone, then you should monitor the daily temperature changes inside the terrarium:

  • during the day it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the range from +20 to +25 degrees,
  • and at night you can lower it to + 18 ° C.

Tropical reptiles do not need such temperature fluctuations, so you need to establish a constant warm climate: up to +25 degrees, for example. Normal room temperature is fine.

Microclimate. To create the desired microclimate, you can use heating elements in the form of lamps. Of course, such lamps should have safety nets to prevent burns to the paws and muzzle of the animal. In addition, a thermometer is installed inside the terrarium to monitor the temperature.

Humidity should be high enough, so you should carry out daily spraying of internal elements and plants.

Yes, living plants are an excellent part of the interior decoration of a terrarium. Care should be taken, however, so that they are prickly and non-toxic. Moreover, vegetation can be planted directly into the ground.

Bottom organization. As for the soil itself, it can be fine gravel or gravel, as well as coarse sand. If the lizard likes to dig into the soil, then the thickness of the sandy soil should be at least 10 cm.

Decor. The choice of decorative elements also depends on the type of animal.

  • For example, a suitable terrarium landscape for the inhabitants of deserts and semi-deserts is sand, stones, caves and grottoes.
  • For the maintenance of wood lizards, it is necessary to establish several fragments of trees.
  • And if a tropical reptile lives in the house, then a “wet” zone should be created - a small pool where the lizard will bathe.

Lighting. An important issue is the lighting of the terrarium. The fact is that for normal reptile life, ultraviolet radiation is necessary. Lack of ultraviolet radiation can lead to degradation of the skeleton, increasing the fragility of the shell of eggs that females lay. Thus, a UV lamp must also be included in the number of necessary devices for equipping a terrarium.

In principle, making a comfortable and spacious home for a home lizard is not difficult at all. However, before this, one should familiarize oneself with her habits and living conditions in a natural biotope.

DIY terrariums for a land tortoise

For turtles, the terrarium is made with one main feature: one of the walls must be made of durable fine mesh, resistant to mechanical damage and moisture.

Red-eared tortoise is a cute and undemanding animal, the care of which does not take time and money. In the terrarium, the temperature regime should be maintained in the range of 22-28 ° C. For this, a heater with a built-in heating controller is suitable. When the temperature drops to 20 o, a small turtle begins to hurt and becomes lethargic.

A spacious biotope horizontal terrarium should be made for the turtle. It is necessary to place an artificial pond in the terrarium to maintain the water balance in the amphibian organism.

DIY terrarium for a chameleon

It is important for the iguana to create a warm climate, as it lives in tropical forests, the air humidity of which reaches 95%, the average temperature should be observed in frames of + 25 or + 28 ° C. The placement of ultraviolet lamps and their inclusion mode should be considered. The height of the first new home — width length—

When the pet reaches 1.5 years of age, its growth will stop, and it will be possible to think about creating a spacious housing with a collection of longline structures: oak branches, which are distinguished by dense wood.

It is strictly forbidden to place the iguana near the TV, computer and microwave.

Creating conditions for eublefer has a number of features. Terrarium should be made biotope, horizontal shape. Semi-fixed sands are placed in half: a mixture of clay needles. Ventilation plays an important role: it is possible to place the bottom of the drawer and reliably drape a fine, durable mesh to prevent the pet from traveling to the outside world. For one resident it will be enough to equip a living space of 40 × 40 × 40 with high quality. To resettle the group, it will be necessary to increase the volume of housing by

The temperature in the "house" is observed within 28-32 ° C, for this, heating devices are selected by regulating the generated heat.

For a bearded agama, it is necessary to recreate the conditions of the natural environment. It’s not possible to uncontrollably let out a reptile for walking around the apartment - the animal needs a warm climate and security, otherwise adaptation and the life of the pet will be at risk.

In the equipment of optimal living conditions should be guided by the formula: 5X × 4X × 3X. This is respectively the length, width and height. For example, Izorgstekla, a tree of vertical racks with their own hands create a capacity of 125 × 100 × 75cm.

Terrarium is built of glass, plywood and chipboard. When placing the elements of the ancient tree, it is necessary to pre-process the processing of pests: aphids of ticks and ticks. They are coated with a moisture-resistant non-toxic varnish, acrylic varnish is a good choice.

Attention should be paid to maintaining heat within 28 ° C and moistening the aviary. To create ventilation, holes are made in the lid and in the lower sections of the walls.

For the lizard, all of the above requirements for the terrain and the volume of the terrarium are relevant. You can arrange longline "mountains", small artificial ponds. Good lighting and heat is the key to the successful maintenance of a reptile.

For a Cape monitor lizard, every man will make a terrarium with his own hands. It must be remembered that the reptile reaches impressive size. For this, the floor of the enclosure is made of durable materials resistant to mechanical influences.

You can use thick glass, OSB panels, metal frames and profiles. It is important to consider that the aviary will be successfully located below the wall and it will take an area a few meters wide.

DIY Snake Terrarium

Such housing is created by taking into account the peculiarities of the type of amphibians. Attention should be paid to the maximum size of adults and their strength.

On the side walls, holes are placed for ventilation, tightly closing them with a net. For a boa, chipboard has expired — these are optimal materials. A drawing is created in which measures to strengthen the side walls of the idn are taken into account. After the desired dimensions are cut out, all the cracks are puttied, put a layer of enamel resin on them, put the heater and the heater on the floor.

It is necessary to choose smooth pebbles and flowers of oak, maple or apple tree for the landscape. A horizontal terrarium should be built for the snake, since this snake constantly climbs up. The minimum dimensions for one individual are 50 × 40 × 40 centimeters. The temperature should be maintained between 23 to 25 ° C at night and 30-32 ° C during the day.

Shelters can be of different shapes, you need to place an artificial pond to maintain water balance in the body of the snake. In captivity, they are fed laboratory

mice and other species of rodents. Drinking water is changed regularly. Same requirements for the creation of aviaries for snakes and royal pythons.

DIY Spider Terrarium

You can glue cozy housing for a tarantula spider inat home, for this you need:

  • glass three millimeters wide,
  • grindstone,
  • silicone glue
  • starting strip for lining, transparent (width - less than 4 mm),
  • self-adhesive tape
  • stainless mesh
  • stones, branches and decorative houses.

First, cut out the desired shape, wash the glass thoroughly, and wipe it with dry napkins.

Next, glue the lower (main) piece of glass with the letter P. glue the side windows with glue, assemble the cubic structure. Do not forget to hold the glass for a few seconds until the glue sets.

We install all the walls, fix the top.

While everything dries, take the front lower side and glue it to the main structure.

Do-it-yourself terrarium for snails Achatina

The best house for snail Achatina is easy. To do this, you need to buy glass, cut and glue a box of 4 walls, make a bottom and a cover. The top can be glued with veneer. Paul do a slimy chipboard. They place heating, holes for air intake and water. Curious snails all taste and quickly multiply.

For caterpillars, a dwelling is also created by the principle, a distinctive feature is the illumination and availability of living plants that the caterpillar will eat. For ants, terrariums should be built with the maximum resin treatment and puttying of all cracks and holes to moisten the ventilation.

For a mantis, the concept of construction is the same. The owner can put a flower pot with a flower and arrange pebbles and a vault on top.

DIY terrariums for a hamster

As a general rule, the arrangement of the habitat for rodents occurs in accordance with the listed criteria. The volume of ishirin is 40 × 50, it is possible less, it all depends on the number of representatives of this species. Particular attention should be paid to the technique of cleaning waste products and eliminating odors.

For rats, it is important to place toys for outdoor activities: carousels and swings, there are many transitions where you can gnaw something.

For a hamster, it is worthwhile to install drinkers of a foreigner, in which he will stock up provisions. These animals are lazy and have a good appetite.

For mice, heat, ventilation and active pastime are important components of health. Interesting houses and tiered structures will decorate the life of rodents.

DIY terrarium for plants

Terrarium for flowers made of glass. The presence of the top cover is necessary only for predatory plants.

The shape can be in the form of a multifaceted sphere, a geometric fantasy figure, an equilateral triangle, a round vase, you can cut a circle for watering and cover the plywood top. Any form and mode of care is suitable for succulents, plants are unpretentious and differ in high species diversity.

DIY terrarium background

Background and lighting is the flight of the creator’s imagination. Use mirror surfaces, murals and glass paints. They place the decor with the elements of snags, in a large area with tanks set a waterfall. Decoration is the key to creating a masterpiece of needlework.

Do-it-yourself thermal mat for terrarium

Thermal mat is selected depending on the size of the tank. Heating is placed on top. The cover is used for keeping active inhabitants, for plants it is not necessary.

The heater can be used together with a sprinkler humidifier, creating comfortable conditions for the inhabitants of the tropics.

How to make terrarium bulbs?

Making terrarium izlampochki is a fascinating process. The incandescent lamp is disassembled, completely removing internal objects. With the help of a paper tube, the glass expanse is filled with small pebbles, imh. Poly is carried out using a syringe.

From the aquarium, the manufacture of a glass product will occur in minutes. The aluminum profile creates a frame. Vles will find a huge number of decor elements from ancient times, pebbles and small plants.

The answer to the question: “Why can you make decor?” Is the whole abundance of natural elements with which the environment is full.

Common lizard in nature

Such a reptile that lives on land is also called "fast". This is an exotic pet. So that the content of lizards at home does not cause any problems, you should familiarize yourself with their natural habitat.

In the wild, the reptile prefers moist wetlands, mixed forests, conifers, steppe and forest-steppe zones. It is found in dry rocky areas. Leads a land daytime lifestyle, but easily climbs trees and rocky slopes.

Slick lizards are not removed long distances from the territory they have inhabited. Settled with narrow minks, digging them in the ground. The sizes of the fast lizard, depending on the subspecies, differ. Length with tail is 5-25 cm. Usually males are larger and brighter in color than females.

Reptiles have an interesting feature. If you grab hold of the tail sharply, the lizard will attempt to bite or break free. The tail will remain in the hands of the offender. It will grow back soon, but will be shorter than before. This feature must be taken into account when planning to maintain a reptile at home. Lizards live together with people. They get used to their master so much that they are not afraid to take food from his hands.

Which terrarium to choose?

Lizards that exist in nature vary in species. Depending on this and the conditions for their maintenance at home, different ones are needed. Terrarium for lizards living on land, such as ordinary (quick), should be horizontal type.

Choosing its area and volume, the sizes of individuals and their number are taken into account. For example, for two ordinary lizards, it is enough to equip a house 60x40 cm in size. You can calculate the design parameters yourself. Terrarium for lizards in height should be two lengths of the animal, and in width - one.

DIY terrarium

The aquarium can serve as a shelter for the pet. But you can easily make it yourself. As a material, organic glass is best suited. If the apartment contains a small lizard, a house for it is made without a frame. For a large individual, it is a frame structure. So how to make a terrarium for a lizard? Below is the instruction:

  • First the frame is made. It is easy to make by connecting the bottom and walls with silicone glue, which does not pose a danger to animals.
  • Then you should begin to arrange ventilation. Для этого на одной стенке просверливаются отверстия. Можно сделать стенку из проволоки. Она будет служить вентиляционным каналом и по ней могут ползать активные ящерицы.

  • Next, proceed to the manufacture of the bottom. For this, plywood from several layers is better.
  • The lid remains. It is better to make it from a frequent metal mesh. Through it, the inner space of the terrarium is clearly visible, and most importantly - air circulates. You can make a composite cover. Its glass part is sealed, and the wire part is reclined.

How to equip a terrarium for a lizard?

It is important to bring living in captivity closer to natural conditions. To do this, the bottom is covered with earth, in which there are no various additives and fertilizers. As a litter, sand, coconut, pieces of large bark are suitable.

The terrarium for the common lizard can be beautifully decorated with various elements that the reptile will surely fit for its life. These can be rounded contours. The main thing is that the reptile does not hurt itself. You can use the plates and peas, on which she will be happy to climb. For a comfortable lizard living at home, it is important to maintain temperature, humidity, lighting in the mode that best matches the natural habitat. In addition, you need to properly feed the reptile.


Terrarium for lizards should have two temperature zones. In the hot part of the house, a temperature of 36 ° C is maintained, and in a cool part 30 is enough. An incandescent lamp is used to heat the hot zone, although a glass-ceramic device is also suitable. To warm the soil, a special mat is used.

Home keeping conditions are distinguished by the fact that animals constantly need bright lighting. Be sure to install an ultraviolet lamp. If several reptiles are kept in the terrarium, the appropriate number of lighting fixtures is installed.

The content of lizards is considered ideal if the humidity in the house is 50-70%. This can be achieved by placing containers with water in a cool area. Bowls are selected according to the size of the lizards. It is important that they can climb into them. The necessary humidity can be maintained by spraying the plants. Some breeders put wet sponges in different places on the terrarium. Maintaining high humidity, do not forget about ventilation, otherwise a fungus may start.

It is very important to observe a valid combination of plants. Of course, any greenery can give the terrarium a natural look, with its help humidity is maintained, the air becomes cleaner. But many houseplants are not suitable for a lizard house.

Pets live according to their schedule. They will dig soil in flower pots, arrange minks. It is unacceptable to place plants in the terrarium for lizards, the stems of which are covered with thorns, thorns, pile, and the leaves have jagged edges. Representatives of flora, differing in the content of toxic and adhesive substances, are not used.

For the arrangement of the inner space of the terrarium, it is recommended to use bamboo, aucuba, room grapes, saxifrage, ordinary ivy and others.

Plants are placed in a place inaccessible to reptile activity. For example, a container with them can be placed on a pyramid made of stones, suspended from the lid or completely insulated with a shirochka.

How to feed?

A lizard needs to be given food when it is in a state of activity. If there are several pets, each is fed separately. When the reptile shows normal activity, it drinks, as always, but eats little, do not worry. She also has fasting days. Young lizards are fed using tweezers, and adults eat on their own from a plate. In summer, pets are fed 3 times a day, and in winter - only two. They eat:

  • spiders, worms, crickets, bird eggs, small mammals,
  • for them, you can prepare a special mixture of grated carrots and chopped into small pieces of meat, taken in equal proportions,
  • you can give cottage cheese, eggshells, calcium tablets, chalk (sources of calcium) and vitamins,
  • allowed to eat salads, spinach, parsley, plantain, dandelion, clover,
  • They like to feast on cabbage, cucumbers, zucchini, potatoes and fruits, for example, pears, apples, grapes.

Basilisk - an amazing lizard

This reptile has a crest on its head in the form of a crown. The lizard Basilisk has an amazing feature: it runs on water at a distance of 300-400 m. But only individuals at a young age, whose weight does not exceed 50 g, are endowed with such a gift. Before understanding how she succeeds, scientists conducted a lot of research. It turns out that this phenomenon is accompanied by the structure of the paws and tail, light weight and speed. For this ability, the reptile was called the lizard of Jesus Christ.

Reptile is a great swimmer. The lizard Basilisk can not leave the water for 2 hours, is able to move on its hind legs, climb trees. This nimble and fast reptile can run 10 km in an hour.

A characteristic feature of the lizard is its omnivore. She feeds on insects, plants, berries, small rodents and lizards, as well as her own cubs. Offspring brings four times a year, lives up to 10 years in a family of one male and several females. He is awake during the day, sleeps at night. During rest, they become easy prey for mammals, birds of prey and large snakes.

Basilisk: content at home

This reptile is the most popular for keeping in the house. It should be borne in mind that individuals taken from the wild, poorly take root in an environment unnatural for them. Therefore, for home breeding and maintenance, it is better to take lizards bred in the incubator. Living in a terrarium, the color of the reptile has changed. He became bluish. The lizard alone will miss. Therefore, these reptiles are kept in pairs.

Food should be balanced. The basis of the diet is vegetation. Lizards eat well sprouted wheat, carrots, bananas, apples and other fruits. But they also need other food: small rodents, lizards. The animals lay masonry in a nest, the bottom of which is covered with sand and wet moss. The eggs are taken from the female, they are raised for 30 days in an incubator.

How to make a New Year's terrarium?

A decorative element will enliven the interior of the apartment and allow to realize the artistic potential of the residents. New Year's decoration of a pet’s home involves the neat placement of toys and the symbol of the New Year. You can not attach LED garlands and decorate with ornaments that make sounds. This will lead to stress and pet diseases, can provoke aggression.